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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# vim: set expandtab shiftwidth=4:
# -*- Mode: python; coding: utf-8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*- */
#
# Copyright © 2017 Red Hat, Inc.
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
# copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
# to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
# the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
# and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
# Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
# paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
# Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
# THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
# FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
# DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
#

import sys
import argparse
try:
    import evdev
    import evdev.ecodes
    import pyudev
except ModuleNotFoundError as e:
    print('Error: {}'.format(str(e)), file=sys.stderr)
    print('One or more python modules are missing. Please install those '
          'modules and re-run this tool.')
    sys.exit(1)


class Range(object):
    """Class to keep a min/max of a value around"""
    def __init__(self):
        self.min = float('inf')
        self.max = float('-inf')

    def update(self, value):
        self.min = min(self.min, value)
        self.max = max(self.max, value)


class Touch(object):
    """A single data point of a sequence (i.e. one event frame)"""

    def __init__(self, pressure=None):
        self.pressure = pressure


class TouchSequence(object):
    """A touch sequence from beginning to end"""

    def __init__(self, device, tracking_id):
        self.device = device
        self.tracking_id = tracking_id
        self.points = []

        self.is_active = True

        self.is_down = False
        self.was_down = False
        self.is_palm = False
        self.was_palm = False

        self.prange = Range()

    def append(self, touch):
        """Add a Touch to the sequence"""
        self.points.append(touch)
        self.prange.update(touch.pressure)

        if touch.pressure < self.device.up:
            self.is_down = False
        elif touch.pressure > self.device.down:
            self.is_down = True
            self.was_down = True

        self.is_palm = touch.pressure > self.device.palm
        if self.is_palm:
            self.was_palm = True

    def finalize(self):
        """Mark the TouchSequence as complete (finger is up)"""
        self.is_active = False

    def avg(self):
        """Average pressure value of this sequence"""
        return int(sum([p.pressure for p in self.points])/len(self.points))

    def median(self):
        """Median pressure value of this sequence"""
        ps = sorted([p.pressure for p in self.points])
        idx = int(len(self.points)/2)
        return ps[idx]

    def __str__(self):
        return self._str_state() if self.is_active else self._str_summary()

    def _str_summary(self):
        s = "Sequence {} pressure: "\
            "min: {:3d} max: {:3d} avg: {:3d} median: {:3d} tags:" \
            .format(
                self.tracking_id,
                self.prange.min,
                self.prange.max,
                self.avg(),
                self.median()
            )
        if self.was_down:
            s += " down"
        if self.was_palm:
            s += " palm"

        return s

    def _str_state(self):
        s = "Touchpad pressure: {:3d} min: {:3d} max: {:3d} tags: {} {}" \
            .format(
                self.points[-1].pressure,
                self.prange.min,
                self.prange.max,
                "down" if self.is_down else "    ",
                "palm" if self.is_palm else "     "
            )
        return s


class InvalidDeviceError(Exception):
    pass


class Device(object):
    def __init__(self, path):
        if path is None:
            self.path = self.find_touchpad_device()
        else:
            self.path = path

        self.device = evdev.InputDevice(self.path)

        print("Using {}: {}\n".format(self.device.name, self.path))

        # capabilities rturns a dict with the EV_* codes as key,
        # each of which is a list of tuples of (code, AbsInfo)
        #
        # Get the abs list first (or empty list if missing),
        # then extract the pressure absinfo from that
        all_caps = self.device.capabilities(absinfo=True)
        caps = all_caps.get(evdev.ecodes.EV_ABS, [])
        p = [cap[1] for cap in caps if cap[0] == evdev.ecodes.ABS_MT_PRESSURE]
        if not p:
            raise InvalidDeviceError("device does not have ABS_MT_PRESSURE")

        p = p[0]
        prange = p.max - p.min

        # libinput defaults
        self.down = int(p.min + 0.12 * prange)
        self.up = int(p.min + 0.10 * prange)
        self.palm = 130  # the libinput default

        self._init_thresholds_from_udev()
        self.sequences = []

    def find_touchpad_device(self):
        context = pyudev.Context()
        for device in context.list_devices(subsystem='input'):
            if not device.get('ID_INPUT_TOUCHPAD', 0):
                continue

            if not device.device_node or \
               not device.device_node.startswith('/dev/input/event'):
                continue

            return device.device_node
        print("Unable to find a touchpad device.", file=sys.stderr)
        sys.exit(1)

    def _init_thresholds_from_udev(self):
        context = pyudev.Context()
        ud = pyudev.Devices.from_device_file(context, self.path)
        v = ud.get('LIBINPUT_ATTR_PRESSURE_RANGE')
        if v:
            self.down, self.up = colon_tuple(v)

        v = ud.get('LIBINPUT_ATTR_PALM_PRESSURE_THRESHOLD')
        if v:
            self.palm = int(v)

    def start_new_sequence(self, tracking_id):
        self.sequences.append(TouchSequence(self, tracking_id))

    def current_sequence(self):
        return self.sequences[-1]


def handle_key(device, event):
    tapcodes = [
        evdev.ecodes.BTN_TOOL_DOUBLETAP,
        evdev.ecodes.BTN_TOOL_TRIPLETAP,
        evdev.ecodes.BTN_TOOL_QUADTAP,
        evdev.ecodes.BTN_TOOL_QUINTTAP
    ]
    if event.code in tapcodes and event.value > 0:
        print("\rThis tool cannot handle multiple fingers, "
              "output will be invalid", file=sys.stderr)


def handle_abs(device, event):
    if event.code == evdev.ecodes.ABS_MT_TRACKING_ID:
        if event.value > -1:
            device.start_new_sequence(event.value)
        else:
            s = device.current_sequence()
            s.finalize()
            print("\r{}".format(s))
    elif event.code == evdev.ecodes.ABS_MT_PRESSURE:
        s = device.current_sequence()
        s.append(Touch(pressure=event.value))
        print("\r{}".format(s), end="")


def handle_event(device, event):
    if event.type == evdev.ecodes.EV_ABS:
        handle_abs(device, event)
    elif event.type == evdev.ecodes.EV_KEY:
        handle_key(device, event)


def loop(device):
    print("Ready for recording data.")
    print("Pressure range used: {}:{}".format(device.down, device.up))
    print("Palm pressure range used: {}".format(device.palm))
    print("Place a single finger on the touchpad to measure pressure values.\n"
          "Ctrl+C to exit\n")

    for event in device.device.read_loop():
        handle_event(device, event)


def colon_tuple(string):
    try:
        ts = string.split(':')
        t = tuple([int(x) for x in ts])
        if len(t) == 2 and t[0] >= t[1]:
            return t
    except:
        pass

    msg = "{} is not in format N:M (N >= M)".format(string)
    raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError(msg)


def main(args):
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
        description="Measure touchpad pressure values"
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        'path', metavar='/dev/input/event0', nargs='?', type=str,
        help='Path to device (optional)'
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        '--touch-thresholds', metavar='down:up', type=colon_tuple,
        help='Thresholds when a touch is logically down or up'
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        '--palm-threshold', metavar='t', type=int,
        help='Threshold when a touch is a palm'
    )
    args = parser.parse_args()

    try:
        device = Device(args.path)

        if args.touch_thresholds is not None:
            device.down, device.up = args.touch_thresholds

        if args.palm_threshold is not None:
            device.palm = args.palm_threshold

        loop(device)
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        pass
    except (PermissionError, OSError):
        print("Error: failed to open device")
    except InvalidDeviceError as e:
        print("Error: {}".format(e))


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main(sys.argv)