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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# vim: set expandtab shiftwidth=4:
# -*- Mode: python; coding: utf-8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*- */
#
# Copyright © 2018 Red Hat, Inc.
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
# copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'),
# to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
# the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
# and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
# Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
# paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
# Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
# THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
# FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
# DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
#

import os
import sys
import argparse
import subprocess
try:
    import evdev
    import evdev.ecodes
    import pyudev
except ModuleNotFoundError as e:
    print('Error: {}'.format(str(e)), file=sys.stderr)
    print('One or more python modules are missing. Please install those '
          'modules and re-run this tool.')
    sys.exit(1)


DEFAULT_HWDB_FILE = '/usr/lib/udev/hwdb.d/60-evdev.hwdb'
OVERRIDE_HWDB_FILE = '/etc/udev/hwdb.d/99-touchpad-fuzz-override.hwdb'


class tcolors:
    GREEN = '\033[92m'
    RED = '\033[91m'
    BOLD = '\033[1m'
    NORMAL = '\033[0m'


def print_bold(msg, **kwargs):
    print(tcolors.BOLD + msg + tcolors.NORMAL, **kwargs)


def print_green(msg, **kwargs):
    print(tcolors.BOLD + tcolors.GREEN + msg + tcolors.NORMAL, **kwargs)


def print_red(msg, **kwargs):
    print(tcolors.BOLD + tcolors.RED + msg + tcolors.NORMAL, **kwargs)


class InvalidConfigurationError(Exception):
    pass


class InvalidDeviceError(Exception):
    pass


class Device(object):
    def __init__(self, path):
        if path is None:
            self.path = self.find_touch_device()
        else:
            self.path = path

        self.device = evdev.InputDevice(self.path)
        self.name = self.device.name
        context = pyudev.Context()
        self.udev_device = pyudev.Devices.from_device_file(context, self.path)

    def find_touch_device(self):
        context = pyudev.Context()
        for device in context.list_devices(subsystem='input'):
            if not device.get('ID_INPUT_TOUCHPAD', 0):
                continue

            if not device.device_node or \
                    not device.device_node.startswith('/dev/input/event'):
                continue

            return device.device_node

        print('Unable to find a touch device.', file=sys.stderr)
        sys.exit(1)

    def check_property(self):
        '''Return a tuple of (xfuzz, yfuzz) with the fuzz as set in the libinput
           property. Returns None if the property doesn't exist'''

        axes = {
                0x00: self.udev_device.get('LIBINPUT_FUZZ_00'),
                0x01: self.udev_device.get('LIBINPUT_FUZZ_01'),
                0x35: self.udev_device.get('LIBINPUT_FUZZ_35'),
                0x36: self.udev_device.get('LIBINPUT_FUZZ_36'),
        }

        if axes[0x35] is not None:
            if axes[0x35] != axes[0x00]:
                raise InvalidConfigurationError('fuzz for ABS_X differs from ABS_MT_POSITION_X')

        if axes[0x36] is not None:
            if axes[0x36] != axes[0x01]:
                raise InvalidConfigurationError('fuzz for ABS_Y differs from ABS_MT_POSITION_Y')

        xfuzz = axes[0x35] or axes[0x00]
        yfuzz = axes[0x36] or axes[0x01]

        if xfuzz is None and yfuzz is None:
            return None

        if ((xfuzz is not None and yfuzz is None) or
            (xfuzz is None and yfuzz is not None)):
            raise InvalidConfigurationError('fuzz should be set for both axes')

        return (xfuzz, yfuzz)

    def check_axis(self):
        '''
        Returns a duple of (xfuzz, yfuzz) with the fuzz as set on the device
        axis. Returns None if no fuzz is set.
        '''
        # capabilities returns a dict with the EV_* codes as key,
        # each of which is a list of tuples of (code, AbsInfo)
        #
        # Get the abs list first (or empty list if missing),
        # then extract the touch major absinfo from that
        caps = self.device.capabilities(absinfo=True).get(
                evdev.ecodes.EV_ABS, []
               )
        codes = [cap[0] for cap in caps]

        if evdev.ecodes.ABS_X not in codes or evdev.ecodes.ABS_Y not in codes:
            raise InvalidDeviceError('device does not have x/y axes')

        if (evdev.ecodes.ABS_MT_POSITION_X in codes) != (evdev.ecodes.ABS_MT_POSITION_Y in codes):
            raise InvalidDeviceError('device does not have both multitouch axes')

        axes = {
                0x00: None,
                0x01: None,
                0x35: None,
                0x36: None,
        }

        for c in caps:
            if c[0] in axes.keys():
                axes[c[0]] = c[1].fuzz

        xfuzz = axes[0x35] or axes[0x00]
        yfuzz = axes[0x36] or axes[0x01]

        if xfuzz is None and yfuzz is None:
            return None

        return (xfuzz, yfuzz)


def print_fuzz(what, fuzz):
    print('  Checking {}... '.format(what), end='')
    if fuzz is None:
        print('not set')
    elif fuzz == (0, 0):
        print('is zero')
    else:
        print('x={} y={}'.format(*fuzz))


def handle_existing_entry(device, fuzz):
    # This is getting messy because we don't really know where the entry
    # could be or how the match rule looks like. So we just check the
    # default location only.
    # For the match comparison, we search for the property value in the
    # file. If there is more than one entry that uses the same
    # overrides this will generate false positives.
    # If the lines aren't in the same order in the file, it'll be a false
    # negative.
    overrides = {
            0x00: device.udev_device.get('EVDEV_ABS_00'),
            0x01: device.udev_device.get('EVDEV_ABS_01'),
            0x35: device.udev_device.get('EVDEV_ABS_35'),
            0x36: device.udev_device.get('EVDEV_ABS_36'),
    }

    has_existing_rules = False
    for key, value in overrides.items():
        if value is not None:
            has_existing_rules = True
            break
    if not has_existing_rules:
        return False

    print_red('Error! ', end='')
    print('This device already has axis overrides defined')
    print('')
    print_bold('Searching for existing override...')

    # Construct a template that looks like a hwdb entry (values only) from
    # the udev property values
    template = [' EVDEV_ABS_00={}'.format(overrides[0x00]),
                ' EVDEV_ABS_01={}'.format(overrides[0x01])]
    if overrides[0x35] is not None:
            template += [' EVDEV_ABS_35={}'.format(overrides[0x35]),
                         ' EVDEV_ABS_36={}'.format(overrides[0x36])]

    found = False
    print('Checking in {}... '.format(OVERRIDE_HWDB_FILE), end='')
    entry, prefix, lineno = check_file_for_lines(OVERRIDE_HWDB_FILE, template)
    if entry is not None:
        print_green('found')
        print('The existing hwdb entry can be overwritten');
        return False
    else:
        print_red('not found')
        print('Checking in {}... '.format(DEFAULT_HWDB_FILE, template), end='')
        entry, prefix, lineno = check_file_for_lines(DEFAULT_HWDB_FILE, template)
        if entry is not None:
            print_green('found')
        else:
            print_red('not found')
            print('The device has a hwdb override defined but it\'s not where I expected it to be.');
            print('Please look at the libinput documentation for more details.')
            print('Exiting now.')
            return True

    print_bold('Probable entry for this device found in line {}:'.format(lineno))
    print('\n'.join(prefix + entry))
    print('')

    print_bold('Suggested new entry for this device:')
    new_entry = []
    for i in range(0, len(template)):
        parts = entry[i].split(':')
        while len(parts) < 4:
            parts.append('')
        parts[3] = str(fuzz)
        new_entry.append(':'.join(parts))
    print('\n'.join(prefix + new_entry))
    print('')

    # Not going to overwrite the 60-evdev.hwdb entry with this program, too
    # risky. And it may not be our device match anyway.
    print_bold('You must now:')
    print('\n'.join((
        '1. Check the above suggestion for sanity. Does it match your device?',
        '2. Open {} and amend the existing entry'.format(DEFAULT_HWDB_FILE),
        '   as recommended above',
        '',
        '   The property format is:',
        '    EVDEV_ABS_00=min:max:resolution:fuzz',
        '',
        '   Leave the entry as-is and only add or amend the fuzz value.',
        '   A non-existent value can be skipped, e.g. this entry sets the ',
        '   resolution to 32 and the fuzz to 8',
        '    EVDEV_ABS_00=::32:8',
        '',
        '3. Save the edited file',
        '4. Say Y to the next prompt')))

    cont = input('Continue? [Y/n] ')
    if cont == 'n':
        raise KeyboardInterrupt

    if test_hwdb_entry(device, fuzz):
        print_bold('Please test the new fuzz setting by restarting libinput')
        print_bold('Then submit a pull request for this hwdb entry change to '
                   'to systemd at http://github.com/systemd/systemd')
    else:
        print_bold('The new fuzz setting did not take effect.')
        print_bold('Did you edit the correct file?')
        print('Please look at the libinput documentation for more details.')
        print('Exiting now.')

    return True


def reload_and_trigger_udev(device):
    import time

    print('Running udevadm hwdb --update')
    subprocess.run(['udevadm', 'hwdb', '--update'], check=True)
    syspath = device.path.replace('/dev/input/', '/sys/class/input/')
    time.sleep(1)
    print('Running udevadm trigger {}'.format(syspath))
    subprocess.run(['udevadm', 'trigger', syspath], check=True)
    time.sleep(1)


def test_hwdb_entry(device, fuzz):
    reload_and_trigger_udev(device)
    print_bold('Testing... ', end='')

    d = Device(device.path)
    f = d.check_axis()
    if fuzz == f[0] and fuzz == f[1]:
        print_green('Success')
        return True
    else:
        print_red('Error')
        return False


def check_file_for_lines(path, template):
    '''
    Checks file at path for the lines given in template. If found, the
    return value is a tuple of the matching lines and the prefix (i.e. the
    two lines before the matching lines)
    '''
    try:
        lines = [l[:-1] for l in open(path).readlines()]
        idx = -1
        try:
            while idx < len(lines) - 1:
                idx += 1
                line = lines[idx]
                if not line.startswith(' EVDEV_ABS_00'):
                    continue
                if lines[idx:idx + len(template)] != template:
                    continue

                return (lines[idx:idx + len(template)], lines[idx - 2:idx], idx)

        except IndexError:
            pass
    except FileNotFoundError:
        pass

    return (None, None, None)


def write_udev_rule(device, fuzz):
    '''Write out a udev rule that may match the device, run udevadm trigger and
    check if the udev rule worked. Of course, there's plenty to go wrong...
    '''
    print('')
    print_bold('Guessing a udev rule to overwrite the fuzz')

    # Some devices match better on pvr, others on pn, so we get to try both. yay
    modalias = open('/sys/class/dmi/id/modalias').readlines()[0]
    ms = modalias.split(':')
    svn, pn, pvr = None, None, None
    for m in ms:
        if m.startswith('svn'):
            svn = m
        elif m.startswith('pn'):
            pn = m
        elif m.startswith('pvr'):
            pvr = m

    # Let's print out both to inform and/or confuse the user
    template = '\n'.join(('# {} {}',
                          'evdev:name:{}:dmi:*:{}*:{}*:',
                          ' EVDEV_ABS_00=:::{}',
                          ' EVDEV_ABS_01=:::{}',
                          ' EVDEV_ABS_35=:::{}',
                          ' EVDEV_ABS_36=:::{}',
                          ''))
    rule1 = template.format(svn[3:], device.name, device.name, svn, pvr, fuzz, fuzz, fuzz, fuzz)
    rule2 = template.format(svn[3:], device.name, device.name, svn, pn, fuzz, fuzz, fuzz, fuzz)

    print('Full modalias is: {}'.format(modalias))
    print()
    print_bold('Suggested udev rule, option 1:')
    print(rule1)
    print()
    print_bold('Suggested udev rule, option 2:')
    print(rule2)
    print('')

    # The weird hwdb matching behavior means we match on the least specific
    # rule (i.e. most wildcards) first although that was supposed to be fixed in
    # systemd 3a04b789c6f1.
    # Our rule uses dmi strings and will be more specific than what 60-evdev.hwdb
    # already has. So we basically throw up our hands because we can't do anything
    # then.
    if handle_existing_entry(device, fuzz):
        return

    while True:
        print_bold('Wich rule do you want to to test? 1 or 2? ', end='')
        yesno = input('Ctrl+C to exit ')

        if yesno == '1':
            rule = rule1
            break
        elif yesno == '2':
            rule = rule2
            break

    fname = OVERRIDE_HWDB_FILE
    try:
        fd = open(fname, 'x')
    except FileExistsError as e:
        yesno = input('File {} exists, overwrite? [Y/n] '.format(fname))
        if yesno.lower == 'n':
            return

        fd = open(fname, 'w')

    fd.write('# File generated by libinput measure fuzz\n\n')
    fd.write(rule)
    fd.close()

    if test_hwdb_entry(device, fuzz):
        print('Your hwdb override file is in {}'.format(fname))
        print_bold('Please test the new fuzz setting by restarting libinput')
        print_bold('Then submit a pull request for this hwdb entry to '
                   'systemd at http://github.com/systemd/systemd')
    else:
        print('The hwdb entry failed to apply to the device.')
        print('Removing hwdb file again.')
        os.remove(fname)
        reload_and_trigger_udev(device)
        print_bold('What now?')
        print('1. Re-run this program and try the other suggested udev rule. If that fails,')
        print('2. File a bug with the suggested udev rule at http://github.com/systemd/systemd')


def main(args):
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
            description='Print fuzz settings'
    )
    parser.add_argument('path', metavar='/dev/input/event0',
                        nargs='?', type=str, help='Path to device (optional)')
    parser.add_argument('--fuzz',  type=int, help='Suggsted fuzz')
    args = parser.parse_args()

    try:
        device = Device(args.path)
        print_bold('Using {}: {}'.format(device.name, device.path))

        fuzz = device.check_property()
        print_fuzz('udev property', fuzz)

        fuzz = device.check_axis()
        print_fuzz('axes', fuzz)

        userfuzz = args.fuzz
        if userfuzz is not None:
            write_udev_rule(device, userfuzz)

    except PermissionError as e:
        print('Permission denied, please re-run as root')
    except InvalidConfigurationError as e:
        print('Error: {}'.format(e.message))
    except KeyboardInterrupt as e:
        print('Exited on user request')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main(sys.argv)