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authorGeorg Chini <georg@chini.tk>2017-04-07 08:18:08 +0200
committerGeorg Chini <georg@chini.tk>2017-04-07 08:18:08 +0200
commitc936aa23c316ebf51eb2d7f44c88e6c8434a8da9 (patch)
tree4da7c450d7958d213c35b55c224ab358e1d99dec
parentb667fb22e43d9403643fa1cfd7ebaecdf60a430d (diff)
loopback: Calculate and track minimum possible latency
With the current code, the user can request any end-to-end latency. Because there is no protection against underruns, setting the latency too small will result in repetitive underruns. This patch tries to mitigate the problem by calculating the minimum possible latency for the current combination of source and sink. The actual calculation has been put in a separate function so it can easily be changed. To keep the values up to date, changes in the latency ranges have to be tracked. The calculated minimum latency is used to limit the configured latency. The minimum latency is only a "best guess", so the actual minimum may be much larger (for example for USB devices) or much smaller than the calculated value. Changes of the port latency offsets are not yet handled, this will be done in a separate patch.
-rw-r--r--src/modules/module-loopback.c215
1 files changed, 205 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/src/modules/module-loopback.c b/src/modules/module-loopback.c
index 9b4ea49c2..442bc8a95 100644
--- a/src/modules/module-loopback.c
+++ b/src/modules/module-loopback.c
@@ -65,10 +65,14 @@ PA_MODULE_USAGE(
#define DEFAULT_ADJUST_TIME_USEC (10*PA_USEC_PER_SEC)
+typedef struct loopback_msg loopback_msg;
+
struct userdata {
pa_core *core;
pa_module *module;
+ loopback_msg *msg;
+
pa_sink_input *sink_input;
pa_source_output *source_output;
@@ -90,6 +94,11 @@ struct userdata {
pa_usec_t max_sink_latency;
pa_usec_t configured_sink_latency;
pa_usec_t configured_source_latency;
+ int64_t source_latency_offset;
+ int64_t sink_latency_offset;
+ pa_usec_t minimum_latency;
+
+ bool fixed_alsa_source;
/* Used for sink input and source output snapshots */
struct {
@@ -110,6 +119,7 @@ struct userdata {
struct {
int64_t recv_counter;
pa_usec_t effective_source_latency;
+ pa_usec_t minimum_latency;
/* Various booleans */
bool in_pop;
@@ -120,6 +130,14 @@ struct userdata {
} output_thread_info;
};
+struct loopback_msg {
+ pa_msgobject parent;
+ struct userdata *userdata;
+};
+
+PA_DEFINE_PRIVATE_CLASS(loopback_msg, pa_msgobject);
+#define LOOPBACK_MSG(o) (loopback_msg_cast(o))
+
static const char* const valid_modargs[] = {
"source",
"sink",
@@ -142,11 +160,17 @@ enum {
SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_REWIND,
SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_LATENCY_SNAPSHOT,
SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_SOURCE_CHANGED,
- SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_SET_EFFECTIVE_SOURCE_LATENCY
+ SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_SET_EFFECTIVE_SOURCE_LATENCY,
+ SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_UPDATE_MIN_LATENCY,
+};
+
+enum {
+ SOURCE_OUTPUT_MESSAGE_LATENCY_SNAPSHOT = PA_SOURCE_OUTPUT_MESSAGE_MAX,
};
enum {
- SOURCE_OUTPUT_MESSAGE_LATENCY_SNAPSHOT = PA_SOURCE_OUTPUT_MESSAGE_MAX
+ LOOPBACK_MESSAGE_SOURCE_LATENCY_RANGE_CHANGED,
+ LOOPBACK_MESSAGE_SINK_LATENCY_RANGE_CHANGED,
};
static void enable_adjust_timer(struct userdata *u, bool enable);
@@ -239,7 +263,7 @@ static void adjust_rates(struct userdata *u) {
/* Latency at base rate */
latency_at_optimum_rate = current_source_sink_latency + current_buffer_latency * old_rate / base_rate;
- final_latency = u->latency;
+ final_latency = PA_MAX(u->latency, u->minimum_latency);
latency_difference = (int32_t)((int64_t)latency_at_optimum_rate - final_latency);
pa_log_debug("Loopback overall latency is %0.2f ms + %0.2f ms + %0.2f ms = %0.2f ms",
@@ -303,18 +327,77 @@ static void update_adjust_timer(struct userdata *u) {
enable_adjust_timer(u, true);
}
+/* Called from main thread.
+ * It has been a matter of discussion how to correctly calculate the minimum
+ * latency that module-loopback can deliver with a given source and sink.
+ * The calculation has been placed in a separate function so that the definition
+ * can easily be changed. The resulting estimate is not very exact because it
+ * depends on the reported latency ranges. In cases were the lower bounds of
+ * source and sink latency are not reported correctly (USB) the result will
+ * be wrong. */
+static void update_minimum_latency(struct userdata *u, pa_sink *sink, bool print_msg) {
+
+ u->minimum_latency = u->min_sink_latency;
+ if (u->fixed_alsa_source)
+ /* If we are using an alsa source with fixed latency, we will get a wakeup when
+ * one fragment is filled, and then we empty the source buffer, so the source
+ * latency never grows much beyond one fragment (assuming that the CPU doesn't
+ * cause a bottleneck). */
+ u->minimum_latency += u->core->default_fragment_size_msec * PA_USEC_PER_MSEC;
+
+ else
+ /* In all other cases the source will deliver new data at latest after one source latency.
+ * Make sure there is enough data available that the sink can keep on playing until new
+ * data is pushed. */
+ u->minimum_latency += u->min_source_latency;
+
+ /* Multiply by 1.1 as a safety margin for delays that are proportional to the buffer sizes */
+ u->minimum_latency *= 1.1;
+
+ /* Add 1.5 ms as a safety margin for delays not related to the buffer sizes */
+ u->minimum_latency += 1.5 * PA_USEC_PER_MSEC;
+
+ /* Add the latency offsets */
+ if (-(u->sink_latency_offset + u->source_latency_offset) <= (int64_t)u->minimum_latency)
+ u->minimum_latency += u->sink_latency_offset + u->source_latency_offset;
+ else
+ u->minimum_latency = 0;
+
+ /* If the sink is valid, send a message to update the minimum latency to
+ * the output thread, else set the variable directly */
+ if (sink)
+ pa_asyncmsgq_send(sink->asyncmsgq, PA_MSGOBJECT(u->sink_input), SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_UPDATE_MIN_LATENCY, NULL, u->minimum_latency, NULL);
+ else
+ u->output_thread_info.minimum_latency = u->minimum_latency;
+
+ if (print_msg) {
+ pa_log_info("Minimum possible end to end latency: %0.2f ms", (double)u->minimum_latency / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
+ if (u->latency < u->minimum_latency)
+ pa_log_warn("Configured latency of %0.2f ms is smaller than minimum latency, using minimum instead", (double)u->latency / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
+ }
+}
+
/* Called from main thread
* Calculates minimum and maximum possible latency for source and sink */
-static void update_latency_boundaries(struct userdata *u, pa_source *source, pa_sink *sink) {
+static void update_latency_boundaries(struct userdata *u, pa_source *source, pa_sink *sink, bool print_msg) {
+ const char *s;
if (source) {
/* Source latencies */
+ u->fixed_alsa_source = false;
if (source->flags & PA_SOURCE_DYNAMIC_LATENCY)
pa_source_get_latency_range(source, &u->min_source_latency, &u->max_source_latency);
else {
u->min_source_latency = pa_source_get_fixed_latency(source);
u->max_source_latency = u->min_source_latency;
+ if ((s = pa_proplist_gets(source->proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_API))) {
+ if (pa_streq(s, "alsa"))
+ u->fixed_alsa_source = true;
+ }
}
+ /* Source offset */
+ u->source_latency_offset = source->port_latency_offset;
+
/* Latencies below 2.5 ms cause problems, limit source latency if possible */
if (u->max_source_latency >= MIN_DEVICE_LATENCY)
u->min_source_latency = PA_MAX(u->min_source_latency, MIN_DEVICE_LATENCY);
@@ -330,21 +413,27 @@ static void update_latency_boundaries(struct userdata *u, pa_source *source, pa_
u->min_sink_latency = pa_sink_get_fixed_latency(sink);
u->max_sink_latency = u->min_sink_latency;
}
+ /* Sink offset */
+ u->sink_latency_offset = sink->port_latency_offset;
+
/* Latencies below 2.5 ms cause problems, limit sink latency if possible */
if (u->max_sink_latency >= MIN_DEVICE_LATENCY)
u->min_sink_latency = PA_MAX(u->min_sink_latency, MIN_DEVICE_LATENCY);
else
u->min_sink_latency = u->max_sink_latency;
}
+
+ update_minimum_latency(u, sink, print_msg);
}
/* Called from output context
* Sets the memblockq to the configured latency corrected by latency_offset_usec */
static void memblockq_adjust(struct userdata *u, pa_usec_t latency_offset_usec, bool allow_push) {
size_t current_memblockq_length, requested_memblockq_length, buffer_correction;
- pa_usec_t requested_buffer_latency;
+ pa_usec_t requested_buffer_latency, final_latency;
- requested_buffer_latency = PA_CLIP_SUB(u->latency, latency_offset_usec);
+ final_latency = PA_MAX(u->latency, u->output_thread_info.minimum_latency);
+ requested_buffer_latency = PA_CLIP_SUB(final_latency, latency_offset_usec);
requested_memblockq_length = pa_usec_to_bytes(requested_buffer_latency, &u->sink_input->sample_spec);
current_memblockq_length = pa_memblockq_get_length(u->memblockq);
@@ -447,6 +536,14 @@ static void set_source_output_latency(struct userdata *u, pa_source *source) {
requested_latency = u->latency / 3;
+ /* Normally we try to configure sink and source latency equally. If the
+ * sink latency cannot match the requested source latency try to set the
+ * source latency to a smaller value to avoid underruns */
+ if (u->min_sink_latency > requested_latency) {
+ latency = PA_MAX(u->latency, u->minimum_latency);
+ requested_latency = (latency - u->min_sink_latency) / 2;
+ }
+
latency = PA_CLAMP(requested_latency , u->min_source_latency, u->max_source_latency);
u->configured_source_latency = pa_source_output_set_requested_latency(u->source_output, latency);
if (u->configured_source_latency != requested_latency)
@@ -529,7 +626,7 @@ static void source_output_moving_cb(pa_source_output *o, pa_source *dest) {
pa_sink_input_set_property(u->sink_input, PA_PROP_DEVICE_ICON_NAME, n);
/* Set latency and calculate latency limits */
- update_latency_boundaries(u, dest, NULL);
+ update_latency_boundaries(u, dest, u->sink_input->sink, true);
set_source_output_latency(u, dest);
update_effective_source_latency(u, dest, u->sink_input->sink);
@@ -576,6 +673,18 @@ static void source_output_suspend_cb(pa_source_output *o, bool suspended) {
update_adjust_timer(u);
}
+/* Called from input thread context */
+static void update_source_latency_range_cb(pa_source_output *i) {
+ struct userdata *u;
+
+ pa_source_output_assert_ref(i);
+ pa_source_output_assert_io_context(i);
+ pa_assert_se(u = i->userdata);
+
+ /* Source latency may have changed */
+ pa_asyncmsgq_post(pa_thread_mq_get()->outq, PA_MSGOBJECT(u->msg), LOOPBACK_MESSAGE_SOURCE_LATENCY_RANGE_CHANGED, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);
+}
+
/* Called from output thread context */
static int sink_input_pop_cb(pa_sink_input *i, size_t nbytes, pa_memchunk *chunk) {
struct userdata *u;
@@ -719,7 +828,9 @@ static int sink_input_process_msg_cb(pa_msgobject *obj, int code, void *data, in
case SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_REWIND:
- pa_memblockq_seek(u->memblockq, -offset, PA_SEEK_RELATIVE, true);
+ /* Do not try to rewind if no data was pushed yet */
+ if (u->output_thread_info.push_called)
+ pa_memblockq_seek(u->memblockq, -offset, PA_SEEK_RELATIVE, true);
u->output_thread_info.recv_counter -= offset;
@@ -751,6 +862,12 @@ static int sink_input_process_msg_cb(pa_msgobject *obj, int code, void *data, in
u->output_thread_info.effective_source_latency = (pa_usec_t)offset;
return 0;
+
+ case SINK_INPUT_MESSAGE_UPDATE_MIN_LATENCY:
+
+ u->output_thread_info.minimum_latency = (pa_usec_t)offset;
+
+ return 0;
}
return pa_sink_input_process_msg(obj, code, data, offset, chunk);
@@ -765,6 +882,14 @@ static void set_sink_input_latency(struct userdata *u, pa_sink *sink) {
requested_latency = u->latency / 3;
+ /* Normally we try to configure sink and source latency equally. If the
+ * source latency cannot match the requested sink latency try to set the
+ * sink latency to a smaller value to avoid underruns */
+ if (u->min_source_latency > requested_latency) {
+ latency = PA_MAX(u->latency, u->minimum_latency);
+ requested_latency = (latency - u->min_source_latency) / 2;
+ }
+
latency = PA_CLAMP(requested_latency , u->min_sink_latency, u->max_sink_latency);
u->configured_sink_latency = pa_sink_input_set_requested_latency(u->sink_input, latency);
if (u->configured_sink_latency != requested_latency)
@@ -870,7 +995,7 @@ static void sink_input_moving_cb(pa_sink_input *i, pa_sink *dest) {
pa_source_output_set_property(u->source_output, PA_PROP_MEDIA_ICON_NAME, n);
/* Set latency and calculate latency limits */
- update_latency_boundaries(u, NULL, dest);
+ update_latency_boundaries(u, NULL, dest, true);
set_sink_input_latency(u, dest);
update_effective_source_latency(u, u->source_output->source, dest);
@@ -925,6 +1050,67 @@ static void sink_input_suspend_cb(pa_sink_input *i, bool suspended) {
update_adjust_timer(u);
}
+/* Called from output thread context */
+static void update_sink_latency_range_cb(pa_sink_input *i) {
+ struct userdata *u;
+
+ pa_sink_input_assert_ref(i);
+ pa_sink_input_assert_io_context(i);
+ pa_assert_se(u = i->userdata);
+
+ /* Sink latency may have changed */
+ pa_asyncmsgq_post(pa_thread_mq_get()->outq, PA_MSGOBJECT(u->msg), LOOPBACK_MESSAGE_SINK_LATENCY_RANGE_CHANGED, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);
+}
+
+/* Called from main context */
+static int loopback_process_msg_cb(pa_msgobject *o, int code, void *userdata, int64_t offset, pa_memchunk *chunk) {
+ struct loopback_msg *msg;
+ struct userdata *u;
+ pa_usec_t current_latency;
+
+ pa_assert(o);
+ pa_assert_ctl_context();
+
+ msg = LOOPBACK_MSG(o);
+ pa_assert_se(u = msg->userdata);
+
+ switch (code) {
+
+ case LOOPBACK_MESSAGE_SOURCE_LATENCY_RANGE_CHANGED:
+
+ update_effective_source_latency(u, u->source_output->source, u->sink_input->sink);
+ current_latency = pa_source_get_requested_latency(u->source_output->source);
+ if (current_latency > u->configured_source_latency) {
+ /* The minimum latency has changed to a value larger than the configured latency, so
+ * the source latency has been increased. The case that the minimum latency changes
+ * back to a smaller value is not handled because this never happens with the current
+ * source implementations. */
+ pa_log_warn("Source minimum latency increased to %0.2f ms", (double)current_latency / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
+ u->configured_source_latency = current_latency;
+ update_latency_boundaries(u, u->source_output->source, u->sink_input->sink, false);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+ case LOOPBACK_MESSAGE_SINK_LATENCY_RANGE_CHANGED:
+
+ current_latency = pa_sink_get_requested_latency(u->sink_input->sink);
+ if (current_latency > u->configured_sink_latency) {
+ /* The minimum latency has changed to a value larger than the configured latency, so
+ * the sink latency has been increased. The case that the minimum latency changes back
+ * to a smaller value is not handled because this never happens with the current sink
+ * implementations. */
+ pa_log_warn("Sink minimum latency increased to %0.2f ms", (double)current_latency / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
+ u->configured_sink_latency = current_latency;
+ update_latency_boundaries(u, u->source_output->source, u->sink_input->sink, false);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
int pa__init(pa_module *m) {
pa_modargs *ma = NULL;
struct userdata *u;
@@ -1102,6 +1288,8 @@ int pa__init(pa_module *m) {
u->sink_input->may_move_to = sink_input_may_move_to_cb;
u->sink_input->moving = sink_input_moving_cb;
u->sink_input->suspend = sink_input_suspend_cb;
+ u->sink_input->update_sink_latency_range = update_sink_latency_range_cb;
+ u->sink_input->update_sink_fixed_latency = update_sink_latency_range_cb;
u->sink_input->userdata = u;
pa_source_output_new_data_init(&source_output_data);
@@ -1150,9 +1338,11 @@ int pa__init(pa_module *m) {
u->source_output->may_move_to = source_output_may_move_to_cb;
u->source_output->moving = source_output_moving_cb;
u->source_output->suspend = source_output_suspend_cb;
+ u->source_output->update_source_latency_range = update_source_latency_range_cb;
+ u->source_output->update_source_fixed_latency = update_source_latency_range_cb;
u->source_output->userdata = u;
- update_latency_boundaries(u, u->source_output->source, u->sink_input->sink);
+ update_latency_boundaries(u, u->source_output->source, u->sink_input->sink, true);
set_sink_input_latency(u, u->sink_input->sink);
set_source_output_latency(u, u->source_output->source);
@@ -1193,6 +1383,11 @@ int pa__init(pa_module *m) {
&& (n = pa_proplist_gets(u->source_output->source->proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_ICON_NAME)))
pa_proplist_sets(u->sink_input->proplist, PA_PROP_MEDIA_ICON_NAME, n);
+ /* Setup message handler for main thread */
+ u->msg = pa_msgobject_new(loopback_msg);
+ u->msg->parent.process_msg = loopback_process_msg_cb;
+ u->msg->userdata = u;
+
/* The output thread is not yet running, set effective_source_latency directly */
update_effective_source_latency(u, u->source_output->source, NULL);