summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/src/gallium/docs/source/screen.rst
blob: c033321ec6670d3ce5ee2e9e8a1bfbbbcd9f014b (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
.. _screen:

Screen
======

A screen is an object representing the context-independent part of a device.

Flags and enumerations
----------------------

XXX some of these don't belong in this section.


.. _pipe_cap:

PIPE_CAP_*
^^^^^^^^^^

Capability queries return information about the features and limits of the
driver/GPU.  For floating-point values, use :ref:`get_paramf`, and for boolean
or integer values, use :ref:`get_param`.

The integer capabilities:

* ``PIPE_CAP_GRAPHICS``: Whether graphics is supported. If not, contexts can
  only be created with PIPE_CONTEXT_COMPUTE_ONLY.
* ``PIPE_CAP_NPOT_TEXTURES``: Whether :term:`NPOT` textures may have repeat modes,
  normalized coordinates, and mipmaps.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_DUAL_SOURCE_RENDER_TARGETS``: How many dual-source blend RTs are support.
  :ref:`Blend` for more information.
* ``PIPE_CAP_ANISOTROPIC_FILTER``: Whether textures can be filtered anisotropically.
* ``PIPE_CAP_POINT_SPRITE``: Whether point sprites are available.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_RENDER_TARGETS``: The maximum number of render targets that may be
  bound.
* ``PIPE_CAP_OCCLUSION_QUERY``: Whether occlusion queries are available.
* ``PIPE_CAP_QUERY_TIME_ELAPSED``: Whether PIPE_QUERY_TIME_ELAPSED queries are available.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_SWIZZLE``: Whether swizzling through sampler views is
  supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_2D_SIZE``: The maximum size of 2D (and 1D) textures.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_3D_LEVELS``: The maximum number of mipmap levels available
  for a 3D texture.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_CUBE_LEVELS``: The maximum number of mipmap levels available
  for a cubemap.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_MIRROR_CLAMP_TO_EDGE``: Whether mirrored texture coordinates are
  supported with the clamp-to-edge wrap mode.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_MIRROR_CLAMP``: Whether mirrored texture coordinates are supported
  with clamp or clamp-to-border wrap modes.
* ``PIPE_CAP_BLEND_EQUATION_SEPARATE``: Whether alpha blend equations may be different
  from color blend equations, in :ref:`Blend` state.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_STREAM_OUTPUT_BUFFERS``: The maximum number of stream buffers.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PRIMITIVE_RESTART``: Whether primitive restart is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_INDEP_BLEND_ENABLE``: Whether per-rendertarget blend enabling and channel
  masks are supported. If 0, then the first rendertarget's blend mask is
  replicated across all MRTs.
* ``PIPE_CAP_INDEP_BLEND_FUNC``: Whether per-rendertarget blend functions are
  available. If 0, then the first rendertarget's blend functions affect all
  MRTs.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_ARRAY_LAYERS``: The maximum number of texture array
  layers supported. If 0, the array textures are not supported at all and
  the ARRAY texture targets are invalid.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_COORD_ORIGIN_UPPER_LEFT``: Whether the TGSI property
  FS_COORD_ORIGIN with value UPPER_LEFT is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_COORD_ORIGIN_LOWER_LEFT``: Whether the TGSI property
  FS_COORD_ORIGIN with value LOWER_LEFT is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_COORD_PIXEL_CENTER_HALF_INTEGER``: Whether the TGSI
  property FS_COORD_PIXEL_CENTER with value HALF_INTEGER is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_COORD_PIXEL_CENTER_INTEGER``: Whether the TGSI
  property FS_COORD_PIXEL_CENTER with value INTEGER is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DEPTH_CLIP_DISABLE``: Whether the driver is capable of disabling
  depth clipping (=1) (through pipe_rasterizer_state) or supports lowering
  depth_clamp in the client shader code (=2), for this the driver must
  currently use TGSI.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DEPTH_CLIP_DISABLE_SEPARATE``: Whether the driver is capable of
  disabling depth clipping (through pipe_rasterizer_state) separately for
  the near and far plane. If not, depth_clip_near and depth_clip_far will be
  equal.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SHADER_STENCIL_EXPORT``: Whether a stencil reference value can be
  written from a fragment shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_INSTANCEID``: Whether TGSI_SEMANTIC_INSTANCEID is supported
  in the vertex shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_ELEMENT_INSTANCE_DIVISOR``: Whether the driver supports
  per-instance vertex attribs.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FRAGMENT_COLOR_CLAMPED``: Whether fragment color clamping is
  supported.  That is, is the pipe_rasterizer_state::clamp_fragment_color
  flag supported by the driver?  If not, the state tracker will insert
  clamping code into the fragment shaders when needed.

* ``PIPE_CAP_MIXED_COLORBUFFER_FORMATS``: Whether mixed colorbuffer formats are
  supported, e.g. RGBA8 and RGBA32F as the first and second colorbuffer, resp.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_COLOR_UNCLAMPED``: Whether the driver is capable of
  outputting unclamped vertex colors from a vertex shader. If unsupported,
  the vertex colors are always clamped. This is the default for DX9 hardware.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_COLOR_CLAMPED``: Whether the driver is capable of
  clamping vertex colors when they come out of a vertex shader, as specified
  by the pipe_rasterizer_state::clamp_vertex_color flag.  If unsupported,
  the vertex colors are never clamped. This is the default for DX10 hardware.
  If both clamped and unclamped CAPs are supported, the clamping can be
  controlled through pipe_rasterizer_state.  If the driver cannot do vertex
  color clamping, the state tracker may insert clamping code into the vertex
  shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_GLSL_FEATURE_LEVEL``: Whether the driver supports features
  equivalent to a specific GLSL version. E.g. for GLSL 1.3, report 130.
* ``PIPE_CAP_GLSL_FEATURE_LEVEL_COMPATIBILITY``: Whether the driver supports
  features equivalent to a specific GLSL version including all legacy OpenGL
  features only present in the OpenGL compatibility profile.
  The only legacy features that Gallium drivers must implement are
  the legacy shader inputs and outputs (colors, texcoords, fog, clipvertex,
  edgeflag).
* ``PIPE_CAP_ESSL_FEATURE_LEVEL``: An optional cap to allow drivers to
  report a higher GLSL version for GLES contexts.  This is useful when a
  driver does not support all the required features for a higher GL version,
  but does support the required features for a higher GLES version.  A driver
  is allowed to return ``0`` in which case ``PIPE_CAP_GLSL_FEATURE_LEVEL`` is
  used.
  Note that simply returning the same value as the GLSL feature level cap is
  incorrect.  For example, GLSL version 3.30 does not require ``ARB_gpu_shader5``,
  but ESSL version 3.20 es does require ``EXT_gpu_shader5``
* ``PIPE_CAP_QUADS_FOLLOW_PROVOKING_VERTEX_CONVENTION``: Whether quads adhere to
  the flatshade_first setting in ``pipe_rasterizer_state``.
* ``PIPE_CAP_USER_VERTEX_BUFFERS``: Whether the driver supports user vertex
  buffers.  If not, the state tracker must upload all data which is not in hw
  resources.  If user-space buffers are supported, the driver must also still
  accept HW resource buffers.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_BUFFER_OFFSET_4BYTE_ALIGNED_ONLY``: This CAP describes a hw
  limitation.  If true, pipe_vertex_buffer::buffer_offset must always be aligned
  to 4.  If false, there are no restrictions on the offset.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_BUFFER_STRIDE_4BYTE_ALIGNED_ONLY``: This CAP describes a hw
  limitation.  If true, pipe_vertex_buffer::stride must always be aligned to 4.
  If false, there are no restrictions on the stride.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_ELEMENT_SRC_OFFSET_4BYTE_ALIGNED_ONLY``: This CAP describes
  a hw limitation.  If true, pipe_vertex_element::src_offset must always be
  aligned to 4.  If false, there are no restrictions on src_offset.
* ``PIPE_CAP_COMPUTE``: Whether the implementation supports the
  compute entry points defined in pipe_context and pipe_screen.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSTANT_BUFFER_OFFSET_ALIGNMENT``: Describes the required
  alignment of pipe_constant_buffer::buffer_offset.
* ``PIPE_CAP_START_INSTANCE``: Whether the driver supports
  pipe_draw_info::start_instance.
* ``PIPE_CAP_QUERY_TIMESTAMP``: Whether PIPE_QUERY_TIMESTAMP and
  the pipe_screen::get_timestamp hook are implemented.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_MULTISAMPLE``: Whether all MSAA resources supported
  for rendering are also supported for texturing.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MIN_MAP_BUFFER_ALIGNMENT``: The minimum alignment that should be
  expected for a pointer returned by transfer_map if the resource is
  PIPE_BUFFER. In other words, the pointer returned by transfer_map is
  always aligned to this value.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_BUFFER_OFFSET_ALIGNMENT``: Describes the required
  alignment for pipe_sampler_view::u.buf.offset, in bytes.
  If a driver does not support offset/size, it should return 0.
* ``PIPE_CAP_BUFFER_SAMPLER_VIEW_RGBA_ONLY``: Whether the driver only
  supports R, RG, RGB and RGBA formats for PIPE_BUFFER sampler views.
  When this is the case it should be assumed that the swizzle parameters
  in the sampler view have no effect.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_TEXCOORD``: This CAP describes a hw limitation.
  If true, the hardware cannot replace arbitrary shader inputs with sprite
  coordinates and hence the inputs that are desired to be replaceable must
  be declared with TGSI_SEMANTIC_TEXCOORD instead of TGSI_SEMANTIC_GENERIC.
  The rasterizer's sprite_coord_enable state therefore also applies to the
  TEXCOORD semantic.
  Also, TGSI_SEMANTIC_PCOORD becomes available, which labels a fragment shader
  input that will always be replaced with sprite coordinates.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PREFER_BLIT_BASED_TEXTURE_TRANSFER``: Whether it is preferable
  to use a blit to implement a texture transfer which needs format conversions
  and swizzling in state trackers. Generally, all hardware drivers with
  dedicated memory should return 1 and all software rasterizers should return 0.
* ``PIPE_CAP_QUERY_PIPELINE_STATISTICS``: Whether PIPE_QUERY_PIPELINE_STATISTICS
  is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_BORDER_COLOR_QUIRK``: Bitmask indicating whether special
  considerations have to be given to the interaction between the border color
  in the sampler object and the sampler view used with it.
  If PIPE_QUIRK_TEXTURE_BORDER_COLOR_SWIZZLE_R600 is set, the border color
  may be affected in undefined ways for any kind of permutational swizzle
  (any swizzle XYZW where X/Y/Z/W are not ZERO, ONE, or R/G/B/A respectively)
  in the sampler view.
  If PIPE_QUIRK_TEXTURE_BORDER_COLOR_SWIZZLE_NV50 is set, the border color
  state should be swizzled manually according to the swizzle in the sampler
  view it is intended to be used with, or herein undefined results may occur
  for permutational swizzles.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_BUFFER_SIZE``: The maximum accessible size with
  a buffer sampler view, in texels.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_VIEWPORTS``: The maximum number of viewports (and scissors
  since they are linked) a driver can support. Returning 0 is equivalent
  to returning 1 because every driver has to support at least a single
  viewport/scissor combination.
* ``PIPE_CAP_ENDIANNESS``:: The endianness of the device.  Either
  PIPE_ENDIAN_BIG or PIPE_ENDIAN_LITTLE.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MIXED_FRAMEBUFFER_SIZES``: Whether it is allowed to have
  different sizes for fb color/zs attachments. This controls whether
  ARB_framebuffer_object is provided.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_VS_LAYER_VIEWPORT``: Whether ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_LAYER`` and
  ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_VIEWPORT_INDEX`` are supported as vertex shader
  outputs. Note that the viewport will only be used if multiple viewports are
  exposed.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_GEOMETRY_OUTPUT_VERTICES``: The maximum number of vertices
  output by a single invocation of a geometry shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_GEOMETRY_TOTAL_OUTPUT_COMPONENTS``: The maximum number of
  vertex components output by a single invocation of a geometry shader.
  This is the product of the number of attribute components per vertex and
  the number of output vertices.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_GATHER_COMPONENTS``: Max number of components
  in format that texture gather can operate on. 1 == RED, ALPHA etc,
  4 == All formats.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_GATHER_SM5``: Whether the texture gather
  hardware implements the SM5 features, component selection,
  shadow comparison, and run-time offsets.
* ``PIPE_CAP_BUFFER_MAP_PERSISTENT_COHERENT``: Whether
  PIPE_TRANSFER_PERSISTENT and PIPE_TRANSFER_COHERENT are supported
  for buffers.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_QUERY_LOD``: Whether the ``LODQ`` instruction is
  supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MIN_TEXTURE_GATHER_OFFSET``: The minimum offset that can be used
  in conjunction with a texture gather opcode.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_GATHER_OFFSET``: The maximum offset that can be used
  in conjunction with a texture gather opcode.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SAMPLE_SHADING``: Whether there is support for per-sample
  shading. The context->set_min_samples function will be expected to be
  implemented.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_GATHER_OFFSETS``: Whether the ``TG4`` instruction can
  accept 4 offsets.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_VS_WINDOW_SPACE_POSITION``: Whether
  TGSI_PROPERTY_VS_WINDOW_SPACE_POSITION is supported, which disables clipping
  and viewport transformation.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_VERTEX_STREAMS``: The maximum number of vertex streams
  supported by the geometry shader. If stream-out is supported, this should be
  at least 1. If stream-out is not supported, this should be 0.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DRAW_INDIRECT``: Whether the driver supports taking draw arguments
  { count, instance_count, start, index_bias } from a PIPE_BUFFER resource.
  See pipe_draw_info.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MULTI_DRAW_INDIRECT``: Whether the driver supports
  pipe_draw_info::indirect_stride and ::indirect_count
* ``PIPE_CAP_MULTI_DRAW_INDIRECT_PARAMS``: Whether the driver supports
  taking the number of indirect draws from a separate parameter
  buffer, see pipe_draw_indirect_info::indirect_draw_count.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_FINE_DERIVATIVE``: Whether the fragment shader supports
  the FINE versions of DDX/DDY.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VENDOR_ID``: The vendor ID of the underlying hardware. If it's
  not available one should return 0xFFFFFFFF.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DEVICE_ID``: The device ID (PCI ID) of the underlying hardware.
  0xFFFFFFFF if not available.
* ``PIPE_CAP_ACCELERATED``: Whether the renderer is hardware accelerated.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VIDEO_MEMORY``: The amount of video memory in megabytes.
* ``PIPE_CAP_UMA``: If the device has a unified memory architecture or on-card
  memory and GART.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONDITIONAL_RENDER_INVERTED``: Whether the driver supports inverted
  condition for conditional rendering.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_VERTEX_ATTRIB_STRIDE``: The maximum supported vertex stride.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SAMPLER_VIEW_TARGET``: Whether the sampler view's target can be
  different than the underlying resource's, as permitted by
  ARB_texture_view. For example a 2d array texture may be reinterpreted as a
  cube (array) texture and vice-versa.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CLIP_HALFZ``: Whether the driver supports the
  pipe_rasterizer_state::clip_halfz being set to true. This is required
  for enabling ARB_clip_control.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEXID_NOBASE``: If true, the driver only supports
  TGSI_SEMANTIC_VERTEXID_NOBASE (and not TGSI_SEMANTIC_VERTEXID). This means
  state trackers for APIs whose vertexIDs are offset by basevertex (such as GL)
  will need to lower TGSI_SEMANTIC_VERTEXID to TGSI_SEMANTIC_VERTEXID_NOBASE
  and TGSI_SEMANTIC_BASEVERTEX, so drivers setting this must handle both these
  semantics. Only relevant if geometry shaders are supported.
  (BASEVERTEX could be exposed separately too via ``PIPE_CAP_DRAW_PARAMETERS``).
* ``PIPE_CAP_POLYGON_OFFSET_CLAMP``: If true, the driver implements support
  for ``pipe_rasterizer_state::offset_clamp``.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MULTISAMPLE_Z_RESOLVE``: Whether the driver supports blitting
  a multisampled depth buffer into a single-sampled texture (or depth buffer).
  Only the first sampled should be copied.
* ``PIPE_CAP_RESOURCE_FROM_USER_MEMORY``: Whether the driver can create
  a pipe_resource where an already-existing piece of (malloc'd) user memory
  is used as its backing storage. In other words, whether the driver can map
  existing user memory into the device address space for direct device access.
  The create function is pipe_screen::resource_from_user_memory. The address
  and size must be page-aligned.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DEVICE_RESET_STATUS_QUERY``:
  Whether pipe_context::get_device_reset_status is implemented.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_SHADER_PATCH_VARYINGS``:
  How many per-patch outputs and inputs are supported between tessellation
  control and tessellation evaluation shaders, not counting in TESSINNER and
  TESSOUTER. The minimum allowed value for OpenGL is 30.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_FLOAT_LINEAR``: Whether the linear minification and
  magnification filters are supported with single-precision floating-point
  textures.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_HALF_FLOAT_LINEAR``: Whether the linear minification and
  magnification filters are supported with half-precision floating-point
  textures.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DEPTH_BOUNDS_TEST``: Whether bounds_test, bounds_min, and
  bounds_max states of pipe_depth_stencil_alpha_state behave according
  to the GL_EXT_depth_bounds_test specification.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_TXQS``: Whether the `TXQS` opcode is supported
* ``PIPE_CAP_FORCE_PERSAMPLE_INTERP``: If the driver can force per-sample
  interpolation for all fragment shader inputs if
  pipe_rasterizer_state::force_persample_interp is set. This is only used
  by GL3-level sample shading (ARB_sample_shading). GL4-level sample shading
  (ARB_gpu_shader5) doesn't use this. While GL3 hardware has a state for it,
  GL4 hardware will likely need to emulate it with a shader variant, or by
  selecting the interpolation weights with a conditional assignment
  in the shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SHAREABLE_SHADERS``: Whether shader CSOs can be used by any
  pipe_context.
* ``PIPE_CAP_COPY_BETWEEN_COMPRESSED_AND_PLAIN_FORMATS``:
  Whether copying between compressed and plain formats is supported where
  a compressed block is copied to/from a plain pixel of the same size.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CLEAR_TEXTURE``: Whether `clear_texture` will be
  available in contexts.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DRAW_PARAMETERS``: Whether ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_BASEVERTEX``,
  ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_BASEINSTANCE``, and ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_DRAWID`` are
  supported in vertex shaders.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_PACK_HALF_FLOAT``: Whether the ``UP2H`` and ``PK2H``
  TGSI opcodes are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_POSITION_IS_SYSVAL``: If state trackers should use
  a system value for the POSITION fragment shader input.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_POINT_IS_SYSVAL``: If state trackers should use
  a system value for the POINT fragment shader input.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_FS_FACE_IS_INTEGER_SYSVAL``: If state trackers should use
  a system value for the FACE fragment shader input.
  Also, the FACE system value is integer, not float.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SHADER_BUFFER_OFFSET_ALIGNMENT``: Describes the required
  alignment for pipe_shader_buffer::buffer_offset, in bytes. Maximum
  value allowed is 256 (for GL conformance). 0 is only allowed if
  shader buffers are not supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_INVALIDATE_BUFFER``: Whether the use of ``invalidate_resource``
  for buffers is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_GENERATE_MIPMAP``: Indicates whether pipe_context::generate_mipmap
  is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_STRING_MARKER``: Whether pipe->emit_string_marker() is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SURFACE_REINTERPRET_BLOCKS``: Indicates whether
  pipe_context::create_surface supports reinterpreting a texture as a surface
  of a format with different block width/height (but same block size in bits).
  For example, a compressed texture image can be interpreted as a
  non-compressed surface whose texels are the same number of bits as the
  compressed blocks, and vice versa. The width and height of the surface is
  adjusted appropriately.
* ``PIPE_CAP_QUERY_BUFFER_OBJECT``: Driver supports
  context::get_query_result_resource callback.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PCI_GROUP``: Return the PCI segment group number.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PCI_BUS``: Return the PCI bus number.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PCI_DEVICE``: Return the PCI device number.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PCI_FUNCTION``: Return the PCI function number.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FRAMEBUFFER_NO_ATTACHMENT``:
  If non-zero, rendering to framebuffers with no surface attachments
  is supported. The context->is_format_supported function will be expected
  to be implemented with PIPE_FORMAT_NONE yeilding the MSAA modes the hardware
  supports. N.B., The maximum number of layers supported for rasterizing a
  primitive on a layer is obtained from ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_ARRAY_LAYERS``
  even though it can be larger than the number of layers supported by either
  rendering or textures.
* ``PIPE_CAP_ROBUST_BUFFER_ACCESS_BEHAVIOR``: Implementation uses bounds
  checking on resource accesses by shader if the context is created with
  PIPE_CONTEXT_ROBUST_BUFFER_ACCESS. See the ARB_robust_buffer_access_behavior
  extension for information on the required behavior for out of bounds accesses
  and accesses to unbound resources.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CULL_DISTANCE``: Whether the driver supports the arb_cull_distance
  extension and thus implements proper support for culling planes.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PRIMITIVE_RESTART_FOR_PATCHES``: Whether primitive restart is
  supported for patch primitives.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_VOTE``: Whether the ``VOTE_*`` ops can be used in shaders.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_WINDOW_RECTANGLES``: The maxium number of window rectangles
  supported in ``set_window_rectangles``.
* ``PIPE_CAP_POLYGON_OFFSET_UNITS_UNSCALED``: If true, the driver implements support
  for ``pipe_rasterizer_state::offset_units_unscaled``.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VIEWPORT_SUBPIXEL_BITS``: Number of bits of subpixel precision for
  floating point viewport bounds.
* ``PIPE_CAP_RASTERIZER_SUBPIXEL_BITS``: Number of bits of subpixel precision used
  by the rasterizer.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MIXED_COLOR_DEPTH_BITS``: Whether there is non-fallback
  support for color/depth format combinations that use a different
  number of bits. For the purpose of this cap, Z24 is treated as
  32-bit. If set to off, that means that a B5G6R5 + Z24 or RGBA8 + Z16
  combination will require a driver fallback, and should not be
  advertised in the GLX/EGL config list.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_ARRAY_COMPONENTS``: If true, the driver interprets the
  UsageMask of input and output declarations and allows declaring arrays
  in overlapping ranges. The components must be a contiguous range, e.g. a
  UsageMask of  xy or yzw is allowed, but xz or yw isn't. Declarations with
  overlapping locations must have matching semantic names and indices, and
  equal interpolation qualifiers.
  Components may overlap, notably when the gaps in an array of dvec3 are
  filled in.
* ``PIPE_CAP_STREAM_OUTPUT_INTERLEAVE_BUFFERS``: Whether interleaved stream
  output mode is able to interleave across buffers. This is required for
  ARB_transform_feedback3.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_CAN_READ_OUTPUTS``: Whether every TGSI shader stage can read
  from the output file.
* ``PIPE_CAP_GLSL_OPTIMIZE_CONSERVATIVELY``: Tell the GLSL compiler to use
  the minimum amount of optimizations just to be able to do all the linking
  and lowering.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FBFETCH``: The number of render targets whose value in the
  current framebuffer can be read in the shader.  0 means framebuffer fetch
  is not supported.  1 means that only the first render target can be read,
  and a larger value would mean that multiple render targets are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FBFETCH_COHERENT``: Whether framebuffer fetches from the fragment
  shader can be guaranteed to be coherent with framebuffer writes.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_MUL_ZERO_WINS``: Whether TGSI shaders support the
  ``TGSI_PROPERTY_MUL_ZERO_WINS`` shader property.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DOUBLES``: Whether double precision floating-point operations
  are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_INT64``: Whether 64-bit integer operations are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_INT64_DIVMOD``: Whether 64-bit integer division/modulo
  operations are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_TEX_TXF_LZ``: Whether TEX_LZ and TXF_LZ opcodes are
  supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_CLOCK``: Whether the CLOCK opcode is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_POLYGON_MODE_FILL_RECTANGLE``: Whether the
  PIPE_POLYGON_MODE_FILL_RECTANGLE mode is supported for
  ``pipe_rasterizer_state::fill_front`` and
  ``pipe_rasterizer_state::fill_back``.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SPARSE_BUFFER_PAGE_SIZE``: The page size of sparse buffers in
  bytes, or 0 if sparse buffers are not supported. The page size must be at
  most 64KB.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_BALLOT``: Whether the BALLOT and READ_* opcodes as well as
  the SUBGROUP_* semantics are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_TES_LAYER_VIEWPORT``: Whether ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_LAYER`` and
  ``TGSI_SEMANTIC_VIEWPORT_INDEX`` are supported as tessellation evaluation
  shader outputs.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CAN_BIND_CONST_BUFFER_AS_VERTEX``: Whether a buffer with just
  PIPE_BIND_CONSTANT_BUFFER can be legally passed to set_vertex_buffers.
* ``PIPE_CAP_ALLOW_MAPPED_BUFFERS_DURING_EXECUTION``: As the name says.
* ``PIPE_CAP_POST_DEPTH_COVERAGE``: whether
  ``TGSI_PROPERTY_FS_POST_DEPTH_COVERAGE`` is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_BINDLESS_TEXTURE``: Whether bindless texture operations are
  supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_NIR_SAMPLERS_AS_DEREF``: Whether NIR tex instructions should
  reference texture and sampler as NIR derefs instead of by indices.
* ``PIPE_CAP_QUERY_SO_OVERFLOW``: Whether the
  ``PIPE_QUERY_SO_OVERFLOW_PREDICATE`` and
  ``PIPE_QUERY_SO_OVERFLOW_ANY_PREDICATE`` query types are supported. Note that
  for a driver that does not support multiple output streams (i.e.,
  ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_VERTEX_STREAMS`` is 1), both query types are identical.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MEMOBJ``: Whether operations on memory objects are supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_LOAD_CONSTBUF``: True if the driver supports ``TGSI_OPCODE_LOAD`` use
  with constant buffers.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_ANY_REG_AS_ADDRESS``: Any TGSI register can be used as
  an address for indirect register indexing.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TILE_RASTER_ORDER``: Whether the driver supports
  GL_MESA_tile_raster_order, using the tile_raster_order_* fields in
  pipe_rasterizer_state.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_COMBINED_SHADER_OUTPUT_RESOURCES``: Limit on combined shader
  output resources (images + buffers + fragment outputs). If 0 the state
  tracker works it out.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FRAMEBUFFER_MSAA_CONSTRAINTS``: This determines limitations
  on the number of samples that framebuffer attachments can have.
  Possible values:
    0: color.nr_samples == zs.nr_samples == color.nr_storage_samples
       (standard MSAA quality)
    1: color.nr_samples >= zs.nr_samples == color.nr_storage_samples
       (enhanced MSAA quality)
    2: color.nr_samples >= zs.nr_samples >= color.nr_storage_samples
       (full flexibility in tuning MSAA quality and performance)
  All color attachments must have the same number of samples and the same
  number of storage samples.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SIGNED_VERTEX_BUFFER_OFFSET``:
  Whether pipe_vertex_buffer::buffer_offset is treated as signed. The u_vbuf
  module needs this for optimal performance in workstation applications.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONTEXT_PRIORITY_MASK``: For drivers that support per-context
  priorities, this returns a bitmask of ``PIPE_CONTEXT_PRIORITY_x`` for the
  supported priority levels.  A driver that does not support prioritized
  contexts can return 0.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FENCE_SIGNAL``: True if the driver supports signaling semaphores
  using fence_server_signal().
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSTBUF0_FLAGS``: The bits of pipe_resource::flags that must be
  set when binding that buffer as constant buffer 0. If the buffer doesn't have
  those bits set, pipe_context::set_constant_buffer(.., 0, ..) is ignored
  by the driver, and the driver can throw assertion failures.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PACKED_UNIFORMS``: True if the driver supports packed uniforms
  as opposed to padding to vec4s.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_POST_SNAP_TRIANGLES``: Whether the
  ``PIPE_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_POST_SNAP`` mode is supported for triangles.
  The post-snap mode means the conservative rasterization occurs after
  the conversion from floating-point to fixed-point coordinates
  on the subpixel grid.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_POST_SNAP_POINTS_LINES``: Whether the
  ``PIPE_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_POST_SNAP`` mode is supported for points and lines.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_PRE_SNAP_TRIANGLES``: Whether the
  ``PIPE_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_PRE_SNAP`` mode is supported for triangles.
  The pre-snap mode means the conservative rasterization occurs before
  the conversion from floating-point to fixed-point coordinates.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_PRE_SNAP_POINTS_LINES``: Whether the
  ``PIPE_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_PRE_SNAP`` mode is supported for points and lines.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_POST_DEPTH_COVERAGE``: Whether
  ``PIPE_CAP_POST_DEPTH_COVERAGE`` works with conservative rasterization.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_INNER_COVERAGE``: Whether
  inner_coverage from GL_INTEL_conservative_rasterization is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_SUBPIXEL_PRECISION_BIAS``: The maximum
  subpixel precision bias in bits during conservative rasterization.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PROGRAMMABLE_SAMPLE_LOCATIONS``: True is the driver supports
  programmable sample location through ```get_sample_pixel_grid``` and
  ```set_sample_locations```.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_GS_INVOCATIONS``: Maximum supported value of
  TGSI_PROPERTY_GS_INVOCATIONS.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_SHADER_BUFFER_SIZE``: Maximum supported size for binding
  with set_shader_buffers.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_COMBINED_SHADER_BUFFERS``: Maximum total number of shader
  buffers. A value of 0 means the sum of all per-shader stage maximums (see
  ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_SHADER_BUFFERS``).
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_COMBINED_HW_ATOMIC_COUNTERS``: Maximum total number of atomic
  counters. A value of 0 means the default value (MAX_ATOMIC_COUNTERS = 4096).
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_COMBINED_HW_ATOMIC_COUNTER_BUFFERS``: Maximum total number of
  atomic counter buffers. A value of 0 means the sum of all per-shader stage
  maximums (see ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_HW_ATOMIC_COUNTER_BUFFERS``).
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_UPLOAD_MEMORY_BUDGET``: Maximum recommend memory size
  for all active texture uploads combined. This is a performance hint.
  0 means no limit.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_VERTEX_ELEMENT_SRC_OFFSET``: The maximum supported value for
  of pipe_vertex_element::src_offset.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SURFACE_SAMPLE_COUNT``: Whether the driver
  supports pipe_surface overrides of resource nr_samples. If set, will
  enable EXT_multisampled_render_to_texture.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_ATOMFADD``: Atomic floating point adds are supported on
  images, buffers, and shared memory.
* ``PIPE_CAP_RGB_OVERRIDE_DST_ALPHA_BLEND``: True if the driver needs blend state to use zero/one instead of destination alpha for RGB/XRGB formats.
* ``PIPE_CAP_GLSL_TESS_LEVELS_AS_INPUTS``: True if the driver wants TESSINNER and TESSOUTER to be inputs (rather than system values) for tessellation evaluation shaders.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DEST_SURFACE_SRGB_CONTROL``: Indicates whether the drivers
  supports switching the format between sRGB and linear for a surface that is
  used as destination in draw and blit calls.
* ``PIPE_CAP_NIR_COMPACT_ARRAYS``: True if the compiler backend supports NIR's compact array feature, for all shader stages.
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_VARYINGS``: The maximum number of fragment shader
  varyings. This will generally correspond to
  ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_INPUTS`` for the fragment shader, but in some
  cases may be a smaller number.
* ``PIPE_CAP_COMPUTE_GRID_INFO_LAST_BLOCK``: Whether pipe_grid_info::last_block
  is implemented by the driver. See struct pipe_grid_info for more details.
* ``PIPE_CAP_COMPUTE_SHADER_DERIVATIVE``: True if the driver supports derivatives (and texture lookups with implicit derivatives) in compute shaders.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_SKIP_SHRINK_IO_ARRAYS``:  Whether the TGSI pass to shrink IO
  arrays should be skipped and enforce keeping the declared array sizes instead.
  A driver might rely on the input mapping that was defined with the original
  GLSL code.
* ``PIPE_CAP_IMAGE_LOAD_FORMATTED``: True if a format for image loads does not need to be specified in the shader IR
* ``PIPE_CAP_MAX_FRAMES_IN_FLIGHT``: Maximum number of frames that state
  trackers should allow to be in flight before throttling pipe_context
  execution. 0 = throttling is disabled.
* ``PIPE_CAP_DMABUF``: Whether Linux DMABUF handles are supported by
  resource_from_handle and resource_get_handle.
* ``PIPE_CAP_PREFER_COMPUTE_BLIT_FOR_MULTIMEDIA``: Whether VDPAU, VAAPI, and
  OpenMAX should use a compute-based blit instead of pipe_context::blit.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FRAGMENT_SHADER_INTERLOCK``: True if fragment shader interlock
  functionality is supported.
* ``PIPE_CAP_CS_DERIVED_SYSTEM_VALUES_SUPPORTED``: True if driver handles
  gl_LocalInvocationIndex and gl_GlobalInvocationID.  Otherwise, state tracker will
  lower those system values.
* ``PIPE_CAP_ATOMIC_FLOAT_MINMAX``: Atomic float point minimum,
  maximum, exchange and compare-and-swap support to buffer and shared variables.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_DIV``: Whether opcode DIV is supported
* ``PIPE_CAP_FRAGMENT_SHADER_TEXTURE_LOD``: Whether texture lookups with
  explicit LOD is supported in the fragment shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_FRAGMENT_SHADER_DERIVATIVES``: True if the driver supports
  derivatives in fragment shaders.
* ``PIPE_CAP_VERTEX_SHADER_SATURATE``: True if the driver supports saturate
  modifiers in the vertex shader.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TEXTURE_SHADOW_LOD``: True if the driver supports shadow sampler
  types with texture functions having interaction with LOD of texture lookup.
* ``PIPE_CAP_SHADER_SAMPLES_IDENTICAL``: True if the driver supports a shader query to tell whether all samples of a multisampled surface are definitely identical.
* ``PIPE_CAP_TGSI_ATOMINC_WRAP``: Atomic increment/decrement + wrap around are supported.

.. _pipe_capf:

PIPE_CAPF_*
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

The floating-point capabilities are:

* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_LINE_WIDTH``: The maximum width of a regular line.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_LINE_WIDTH_AA``: The maximum width of a smoothed line.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_POINT_WIDTH``: The maximum width and height of a point.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_POINT_WIDTH_AA``: The maximum width and height of a smoothed point.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_TEXTURE_ANISOTROPY``: The maximum level of anisotropy that can be
  applied to anisotropically filtered textures.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_TEXTURE_LOD_BIAS``: The maximum :term:`LOD` bias that may be applied
  to filtered textures.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MIN_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_DILATE``: The minimum conservative rasterization
  dilation.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_MAX_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_DILATE``: The maximum conservative rasterization
  dilation.
* ``PIPE_CAPF_CONSERVATIVE_RASTER_DILATE_GRANULARITY``: The conservative rasterization
  dilation granularity for values relative to the minimum dilation.


.. _pipe_shader_cap:

PIPE_SHADER_CAP_*
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

These are per-shader-stage capabitity queries. Different shader stages may
support different features.

* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_INSTRUCTIONS``: The maximum number of instructions.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_ALU_INSTRUCTIONS``: The maximum number of arithmetic instructions.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_TEX_INSTRUCTIONS``: The maximum number of texture instructions.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_TEX_INDIRECTIONS``: The maximum number of texture indirections.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_CONTROL_FLOW_DEPTH``: The maximum nested control flow depth.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_INPUTS``: The maximum number of input registers.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_OUTPUTS``: The maximum number of output registers.
  This is valid for all shaders except the fragment shader.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_CONST_BUFFER_SIZE``: The maximum size per constant buffer in bytes.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_CONST_BUFFERS``: Maximum number of constant buffers that can be bound
  to any shader stage using ``set_constant_buffer``. If 0 or 1, the pipe will
  only permit binding one constant buffer per shader.

If a value greater than 0 is returned, the driver can have multiple
constant buffers bound to shader stages. The CONST register file is
accessed with two-dimensional indices, like in the example below.

DCL CONST[0][0..7]       # declare first 8 vectors of constbuf 0
DCL CONST[3][0]          # declare first vector of constbuf 3
MOV OUT[0], CONST[0][3]  # copy vector 3 of constbuf 0

* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_TEMPS``: The maximum number of temporary registers.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_CONT_SUPPORTED``: Whether the continue opcode is supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_INDIRECT_INPUT_ADDR``: Whether indirect addressing
  of the input file is supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_INDIRECT_OUTPUT_ADDR``: Whether indirect addressing
  of the output file is supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_INDIRECT_TEMP_ADDR``: Whether indirect addressing
  of the temporary file is supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_INDIRECT_CONST_ADDR``: Whether indirect addressing
  of the constant file is supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_SUBROUTINES``: Whether subroutines are supported, i.e.
  BGNSUB, ENDSUB, CAL, and RET, including RET in the main block.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_INTEGERS``: Whether integer opcodes are supported.
  If unsupported, only float opcodes are supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_INT64_ATOMICS``: Whether int64 atomic opcodes are supported. The device needs to support add, sub, swap, cmpswap, and, or, xor, min, and max.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_FP16``: Whether half precision floating-point opcodes are supported.
   If unsupported, half precision ops need to be lowered to full precision.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_SAMPLERS``: The maximum number of texture
  samplers.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_PREFERRED_IR``: Preferred representation of the
  program.  It should be one of the ``pipe_shader_ir`` enum values.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_SAMPLER_VIEWS``: The maximum number of texture
  sampler views. Must not be lower than PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_TEXTURE_SAMPLERS.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_DROUND_SUPPORTED``: Whether double precision rounding
  is supported. If it is, DTRUNC/DCEIL/DFLR/DROUND opcodes may be used.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_DFRACEXP_DLDEXP_SUPPORTED``: Whether DFRACEXP and
  DLDEXP are supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_LDEXP_SUPPORTED``: Whether LDEXP is supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_FMA_SUPPORTED``: Whether FMA and DFMA (doubles only)
  are supported.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_ANY_INOUT_DECL_RANGE``: Whether the driver doesn't
  ignore tgsi_declaration_range::Last for shader inputs and outputs.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_UNROLL_ITERATIONS_HINT``: This is the maximum number
  of iterations that loops are allowed to have to be unrolled. It is only
  a hint to state trackers. Whether any loops will be unrolled is not
  guaranteed.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_SHADER_BUFFERS``: Maximum number of memory buffers
  (also used to implement atomic counters). Having this be non-0 also
  implies support for the ``LOAD``, ``STORE``, and ``ATOM*`` TGSI
  opcodes.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_SUPPORTED_IRS``: Supported representations of the
  program.  It should be a mask of ``pipe_shader_ir`` bits.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_SHADER_IMAGES``: Maximum number of image units.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_LOWER_IF_THRESHOLD``: IF and ELSE branches with a lower
  cost than this value should be lowered by the state tracker for better
  performance. This is a tunable for the GLSL compiler and the behavior is
  specific to the compiler.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_TGSI_SKIP_MERGE_REGISTERS``: Whether the merge registers
  TGSI pass is skipped. This might reduce code size and register pressure if
  the underlying driver has a real backend compiler.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_HW_ATOMIC_COUNTERS``: If atomic counters are separate,
  how many HW counters are available for this stage. (0 uses SSBO atomics).
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_MAX_HW_ATOMIC_COUNTER_BUFFERS``: If atomic counters are
  separate, how many atomic counter buffers are available for this stage.
* ``PIPE_SHADER_CAP_SCALAR_ISA``: Whether the ISA is a scalar one.

.. _pipe_compute_cap:

PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_*
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Compute-specific capabilities. They can be queried using
pipe_screen::get_compute_param.

* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_IR_TARGET``: A description of the target of the form
  ``processor-arch-manufacturer-os`` that will be passed on to the compiler.
  This CAP is only relevant for drivers that specify PIPE_SHADER_IR_NATIVE for
  their preferred IR.
  Value type: null-terminated string. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_GRID_DIMENSION``: Number of supported dimensions
  for grid and block coordinates.  Value type: ``uint64_t``. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_GRID_SIZE``: Maximum grid size in block
  units.  Value type: ``uint64_t []``.  Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE``: Maximum block size in thread
  units.  Value type: ``uint64_t []``. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_THREADS_PER_BLOCK``: Maximum number of threads that
  a single block can contain.  Value type: ``uint64_t``. Shader IR type dependent.
  This may be less than the product of the components of MAX_BLOCK_SIZE and is
  usually limited by the number of threads that can be resident simultaneously
  on a compute unit.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_GLOBAL_SIZE``: Maximum size of the GLOBAL
  resource.  Value type: ``uint64_t``. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_LOCAL_SIZE``: Maximum size of the LOCAL
  resource.  Value type: ``uint64_t``. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_PRIVATE_SIZE``: Maximum size of the PRIVATE
  resource.  Value type: ``uint64_t``. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_INPUT_SIZE``: Maximum size of the INPUT
  resource.  Value type: ``uint64_t``. Shader IR type dependent.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_MEM_ALLOC_SIZE``: Maximum size of a memory object
  allocation in bytes.  Value type: ``uint64_t``.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_CLOCK_FREQUENCY``: Maximum frequency of the GPU
  clock in MHz. Value type: ``uint32_t``
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_COMPUTE_UNITS``: Maximum number of compute units
  Value type: ``uint32_t``
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_IMAGES_SUPPORTED``: Whether images are supported
  non-zero means yes, zero means no. Value type: ``uint32_t``
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_SUBGROUP_SIZE``: The size of a basic execution unit in
  threads. Also known as wavefront size, warp size or SIMD width.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_ADDRESS_BITS``: The default compute device address space
  size specified as an unsigned integer value in bits.
* ``PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_VARIABLE_THREADS_PER_BLOCK``: Maximum variable number
  of threads that a single block can contain. This is similar to
  PIPE_COMPUTE_CAP_MAX_THREADS_PER_BLOCK, except that the variable size is not
  known a compile-time but at dispatch-time.

.. _pipe_bind:

PIPE_BIND_*
^^^^^^^^^^^

These flags indicate how a resource will be used and are specified at resource
creation time. Resources may be used in different roles
during their lifecycle. Bind flags are cumulative and may be combined to create
a resource which can be used for multiple things.
Depending on the pipe driver's memory management and these bind flags,
resources might be created and handled quite differently.

* ``PIPE_BIND_RENDER_TARGET``: A color buffer or pixel buffer which will be
  rendered to.  Any surface/resource attached to pipe_framebuffer_state::cbufs
  must have this flag set.
* ``PIPE_BIND_DEPTH_STENCIL``: A depth (Z) buffer and/or stencil buffer. Any
  depth/stencil surface/resource attached to pipe_framebuffer_state::zsbuf must
  have this flag set.
* ``PIPE_BIND_BLENDABLE``: Used in conjunction with PIPE_BIND_RENDER_TARGET to
  query whether a device supports blending for a given format.
  If this flag is set, surface creation may fail if blending is not supported
  for the specified format. If it is not set, a driver may choose to ignore
  blending on surfaces with formats that would require emulation.
* ``PIPE_BIND_DISPLAY_TARGET``: A surface that can be presented to screen. Arguments to
  pipe_screen::flush_front_buffer must have this flag set.
* ``PIPE_BIND_SAMPLER_VIEW``: A texture that may be sampled from in a fragment
  or vertex shader.
* ``PIPE_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER``: A vertex buffer.
* ``PIPE_BIND_INDEX_BUFFER``: An vertex index/element buffer.
* ``PIPE_BIND_CONSTANT_BUFFER``: A buffer of shader constants.
* ``PIPE_BIND_STREAM_OUTPUT``: A stream output buffer.
* ``PIPE_BIND_CUSTOM``:
* ``PIPE_BIND_SCANOUT``: A front color buffer or scanout buffer.
* ``PIPE_BIND_SHARED``: A sharable buffer that can be given to another
  process.
* ``PIPE_BIND_GLOBAL``: A buffer that can be mapped into the global
  address space of a compute program.
* ``PIPE_BIND_SHADER_BUFFER``: A buffer without a format that can be bound
  to a shader and can be used with load, store, and atomic instructions.
* ``PIPE_BIND_SHADER_IMAGE``: A buffer or texture with a format that can be
  bound to a shader and can be used with load, store, and atomic instructions.
* ``PIPE_BIND_COMPUTE_RESOURCE``: A buffer or texture that can be
  bound to the compute program as a shader resource.
* ``PIPE_BIND_COMMAND_ARGS_BUFFER``: A buffer that may be sourced by the
  GPU command processor. It can contain, for example, the arguments to
  indirect draw calls.

.. _pipe_usage:

PIPE_USAGE_*
^^^^^^^^^^^^

The PIPE_USAGE enums are hints about the expected usage pattern of a resource.
Note that drivers must always support read and write CPU access at any time
no matter which hint they got.

* ``PIPE_USAGE_DEFAULT``: Optimized for fast GPU access.
* ``PIPE_USAGE_IMMUTABLE``: Optimized for fast GPU access and the resource is
  not expected to be mapped or changed (even by the GPU) after the first upload.
* ``PIPE_USAGE_DYNAMIC``: Expect frequent write-only CPU access. What is
  uploaded is expected to be used at least several times by the GPU.
* ``PIPE_USAGE_STREAM``: Expect frequent write-only CPU access. What is
  uploaded is expected to be used only once by the GPU.
* ``PIPE_USAGE_STAGING``: Optimized for fast CPU access.


Methods
-------

XXX to-do

get_name
^^^^^^^^

Returns an identifying name for the screen.

The returned string should remain valid and immutable for the lifetime of
pipe_screen.

get_vendor
^^^^^^^^^^

Returns the screen vendor.

The returned string should remain valid and immutable for the lifetime of
pipe_screen.

get_device_vendor
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Returns the actual vendor of the device driving the screen
(as opposed to the driver vendor).

The returned string should remain valid and immutable for the lifetime of
pipe_screen.

.. _get_param:

get_param
^^^^^^^^^

Get an integer/boolean screen parameter.

**param** is one of the :ref:`PIPE_CAP` names.

.. _get_paramf:

get_paramf
^^^^^^^^^^

Get a floating-point screen parameter.

**param** is one of the :ref:`PIPE_CAPF` names.

context_create
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Create a pipe_context.

**priv** is private data of the caller, which may be put to various
unspecified uses, typically to do with implementing swapbuffers
and/or front-buffer rendering.

is_format_supported
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Determine if a resource in the given format can be used in a specific manner.

**format** the resource format

**target** one of the PIPE_TEXTURE_x flags

**sample_count** the number of samples. 0 and 1 mean no multisampling,
the maximum allowed legal value is 32.

**storage_sample_count** the number of storage samples. This must be <=
sample_count. See the documentation of ``pipe_resource::nr_storage_samples``.

**bindings** is a bitmask of :ref:`PIPE_BIND` flags.

Returns TRUE if all usages can be satisfied.


can_create_resource
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Check if a resource can actually be created (but don't actually allocate any
memory).  This is used to implement OpenGL's proxy textures.  Typically, a
driver will simply check if the total size of the given resource is less than
some limit.

For PIPE_TEXTURE_CUBE, the pipe_resource::array_size field should be 6.


.. _resource_create:

resource_create
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Create a new resource from a template.
The following fields of the pipe_resource must be specified in the template:

**target** one of the pipe_texture_target enums.
Note that PIPE_BUFFER and PIPE_TEXTURE_X are not really fundamentally different.
Modern APIs allow using buffers as shader resources.

**format** one of the pipe_format enums.

**width0** the width of the base mip level of the texture or size of the buffer.

**height0** the height of the base mip level of the texture
(1 for 1D or 1D array textures).

**depth0** the depth of the base mip level of the texture
(1 for everything else).

**array_size** the array size for 1D and 2D array textures.
For cube maps this must be 6, for other textures 1.

**last_level** the last mip map level present.

**nr_samples**: Number of samples determining quality, driving the rasterizer,
shading, and framebuffer. It is the number of samples seen by the whole
graphics pipeline. 0 and 1 specify a resource which isn't multisampled.

**nr_storage_samples**: Only color buffers can set this lower than nr_samples.
Multiple samples within a pixel can have the same color. ``nr_storage_samples``
determines how many slots for different colors there are per pixel.
If there are not enough slots to store all sample colors, some samples will
have an undefined color (called "undefined samples").

The resolve blit behavior is driver-specific, but can be one of these two:
1. Only defined samples will be averaged. Undefined samples will be ignored.
2. Undefined samples will be approximated by looking at surrounding defined
   samples (even in different pixels).

Blits and MSAA texturing: If the sample being fetched is undefined, one of
the defined samples is returned instead.

Sample shading (``set_min_samples``) will operate at a sample frequency that
is at most ``nr_storage_samples``. Greater ``min_samples`` values will be
replaced by ``nr_storage_samples``.

**usage** one of the :ref:`PIPE_USAGE` flags.

**bind** bitmask of the :ref:`PIPE_BIND` flags.

**flags** bitmask of PIPE_RESOURCE_FLAG flags.



resource_changed
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Mark a resource as changed so derived internal resources will be recreated
on next use.

When importing external images that can't be directly used as texture sampler
source, internal copies may have to be created that the hardware can sample
from. When those resources are reimported, the image data may have changed, and
the previously derived internal resources must be invalidated to avoid sampling
from old copies.



resource_destroy
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Destroy a resource. A resource is destroyed if it has no more references.



get_timestamp
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Query a timestamp in nanoseconds. The returned value should match
PIPE_QUERY_TIMESTAMP. This function returns immediately and doesn't
wait for rendering to complete (which cannot be achieved with queries).



get_driver_query_info
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Return a driver-specific query. If the **info** parameter is NULL,
the number of available queries is returned.  Otherwise, the driver
query at the specified **index** is returned in **info**.
The function returns non-zero on success.
The driver-specific query is described with the pipe_driver_query_info
structure.

get_driver_query_group_info
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Return a driver-specific query group. If the **info** parameter is NULL,
the number of available groups is returned.  Otherwise, the driver
query group at the specified **index** is returned in **info**.
The function returns non-zero on success.
The driver-specific query group is described with the
pipe_driver_query_group_info structure.



get_disk_shader_cache
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Returns a pointer to a driver-specific on-disk shader cache. If the driver
failed to create the cache or does not support an on-disk shader cache NULL is
returned. The callback itself may also be NULL if the driver doesn't support
an on-disk shader cache.


Thread safety
-------------

Screen methods are required to be thread safe. While gallium rendering
contexts are not required to be thread safe, it is required to be safe to use
different contexts created with the same screen in different threads without
locks. It is also required to be safe using screen methods in a thread, while
using one of its contexts in another (without locks).