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path: root/sdext/source/pdfimport/pdfparse/pdfparse.cxx
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/*************************************************************************
 *
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * Copyright 2008 by Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 *
 * OpenOffice.org - a multi-platform office productivity suite
 *
 * $RCSfile: pdfparse.cxx,v $
 *
 * $Revision: 1.2 $
 *
 * This file is part of OpenOffice.org.
 *
 * OpenOffice.org is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License version 3
 * only, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * OpenOffice.org is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU Lesser General Public License version 3 for more details
 * (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * version 3 along with OpenOffice.org.  If not, see
 * <http://www.openoffice.org/license.html>
 * for a copy of the LGPLv3 License.
 *
 ************************************************************************/

// MARKER(update_precomp.py): autogen include statement, do not remove
#include "precompiled_sdext.hxx"

#if defined __SUNPRO_CC
#pragma disable_warn
#elif defined _MSC_VER
#pragma warning(push, 1)
#endif

#include "pdfparse.hxx"

// workaround windows compiler: do not include multi_pass.hpp
//#include <boost/spirit.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/core.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/utility.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/error_handling.hpp>
#include <boost/spirit/iterator/file_iterator.hpp>
#if SPIRIT_VERSION >= 0x1800
#define USE_ASSIGN_ACTOR
#include <boost/spirit/actor/assign_actor.hpp>
#endif
#include <boost/bind.hpp>
#include <string>

#include <rtl/strbuf.hxx>
#include <rtl/memory.h>

// disable warnings again because someone along the line has enabled them
#if defined __SUNPRO_CC
#pragma disable_warn
#elif defined _MSC_VER
#pragma warning(push, 1)
#endif

using namespace boost::spirit;
using namespace rtl;
using namespace pdfparse;

class StringEmitContext : public EmitContext
{
    OStringBuffer m_aBuf;
    public:
    StringEmitContext() : EmitContext(), m_aBuf(256) {}
    virtual ~StringEmitContext() {}
    virtual bool write( const void* pBuf, unsigned int nLen ) throw()
    {
        m_aBuf.append( (const sal_Char*)pBuf, nLen );
        return true;
    }
    virtual unsigned int getCurPos() throw() { return m_aBuf.getLength(); }
    virtual bool copyOrigBytes( unsigned int nOrigOffset, unsigned int nLen ) throw()
    { return (nOrigOffset+nLen < static_cast<unsigned int>(m_aBuf.getLength()) ) ?
             write( m_aBuf.getStr() + nOrigOffset, nLen ) : false; }
    virtual unsigned int readOrigBytes( unsigned int nOrigOffset, unsigned int nLen, void* pBuf ) throw()
    {
        if( nOrigOffset+nLen < static_cast<unsigned int>(m_aBuf.getLength()) )
        {
            rtl_copyMemory( pBuf, m_aBuf.getStr()+nOrigOffset, nLen );
            return nLen;
        }
        return 0;
    }

    OString getString() { return m_aBuf.makeStringAndClear(); }
};

template< class iteratorT >
class PDFGrammar :  public grammar< PDFGrammar<iteratorT> >
{
public:

    PDFGrammar( const iteratorT& first )
    : m_fDouble( 0.0 ), m_aGlobalBegin( first ) {}
    ~PDFGrammar()
    {
        if( !m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            delete m_aObjectStack.front();
    }

    double m_fDouble;
    std::vector< unsigned int > m_aUIntStack;
    std::vector< PDFEntry* >    m_aObjectStack;
    rtl::OString                m_aErrorString;
    iteratorT                   m_aGlobalBegin;

public:

    template< typename ScannerT >
    struct definition
    {
        definition( const PDFGrammar<iteratorT>& rSelf )
        {
            PDFGrammar<iteratorT>* pSelf = const_cast< PDFGrammar<iteratorT>* >( &rSelf );

            // workaround workshop compiler: comment_p doesn't work
            // comment     = comment_p("%")[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushComment, pSelf, _1, _2 )];
            comment     = lexeme_d[ (ch_p('%') >> *(~ch_p('\r') & ~ch_p('\n')) >> eol_p)[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushComment, pSelf, _1, _2 )] ];

            boolean     = (str_p("true") | str_p("false"))[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushBool, pSelf, _1, _2)];

            // workaround workshop compiler: confix_p doesn't work
            //stream      = confix_p( "stream", *anychar_p, "endstream" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::emitStream, pSelf, _1, _2 )];
            stream      = (str_p("stream") >> *(anychar_p - str_p("endstream")) >> str_p("endstream"))[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::emitStream, pSelf, _1, _2 )];

            name        = lexeme_d[
                            ch_p('/')
                            >> (*(anychar_p-chset_p("\t\n\f\r ()<>[]{}/%")-ch_p('\0')))
                               [boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushName, pSelf, _1, _2)] ];

            // workaround workshop compiler: confix_p doesn't work
            //stringtype  = ( confix_p("(",*anychar_p, ")") |
            //                confix_p("<",*xdigit_p,  ">") )
            //              [boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushString,pSelf, _1, _2)];
            stringtype  = ( ( ch_p('(') >> *(str_p("\\)")|(anychar_p - ch_p(')'))) >> ch_p(')') ) |
                            ( ch_p('<') >> *xdigit_p >> ch_p('>') ) )
                          [boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushString,pSelf, _1, _2)];

            null_object = str_p( "null" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushNull, pSelf, _1, _2)];

            #ifdef USE_ASSIGN_ACTOR
            objectref   = ( uint_p[push_back_a(pSelf->m_aUIntStack)]
                            >> uint_p[push_back_a(pSelf->m_aUIntStack)]
                            >> ch_p('R')
                            >> eps_p
                          )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushObjectRef, pSelf, _1, _2)];
            #else
            objectref   = ( uint_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::push_back_action_uint, pSelf, _1)]
                            >> uint_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::push_back_action_uint, pSelf, _1)]
                            >> ch_p('R')
                            >> eps_p
                          )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushObjectRef, pSelf, _1, _2)];
            #endif

            #ifdef USE_ASSIGN_ACTOR
            simple_type = objectref | name |
                          ( real_p[assign_a(pSelf->m_fDouble)] >> eps_p )
                          [boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushDouble, pSelf, _1, _2)]
                          | stringtype | boolean | null_object;
            #else
            simple_type = objectref | name |
                          ( real_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::assign_action_double, pSelf, _1)] >> eps_p )
                          [boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::pushDouble, pSelf, _1, _2)]
                          | stringtype | boolean | null_object;
            #endif

            dict_begin  = str_p( "<<" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::beginDict, pSelf, _1, _2)];
            dict_end    = str_p( ">>" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::endDict, pSelf, _1, _2)];

            array_begin = str_p("[")[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::beginArray,pSelf, _1, _2)];
            array_end   = str_p("]")[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::endArray,pSelf, _1, _2)];

            #ifdef USE_ASSIGN_ACTOR
            object_begin= uint_p[push_back_a(pSelf->m_aUIntStack)]
                          >> uint_p[push_back_a(pSelf->m_aUIntStack)]
                          >> str_p("obj" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::beginObject, pSelf, _1, _2)];
            #else
            object_begin= uint_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::push_back_action_uint, pSelf, _1)]
                          >> uint_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::push_back_action_uint, pSelf, _1)]
                          >> str_p("obj" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::beginObject, pSelf, _1, _2)];
            #endif
            object_end  = str_p( "endobj" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::endObject, pSelf, _1, _2)];

            xref        = str_p( "xref" ) >> uint_p >> uint_p
                          >> lexeme_d[
                                +( repeat_p(10)[digit_p]
                                   >> blank_p
                                   >> repeat_p(5)[digit_p]
                                   >> blank_p
                                   >> ( ch_p('n') | ch_p('f') )
                                   >> repeat_p(2)[space_p]
                                 ) ];

            dict_element= dict_begin | comment | simple_type
                          | array_begin | array_end | dict_end;

            object      = object_begin
                          >> *dict_element
                          >> !stream
                          >> object_end;

            trailer     = str_p( "trailer" )[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::beginTrailer,pSelf,_1,_2)]
                          >> *dict_element
                          >> str_p("startxref")
                          >> uint_p
                          >> str_p("%%EOF")[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::endTrailer,pSelf,_1,_2)];

            #ifdef USE_ASSIGN_ACTOR
            pdfrule     = ! (lexeme_d[
                                str_p( "%PDF-" )
                                >> uint_p[push_back_a(pSelf->m_aUIntStack)]
                                >> ch_p('.')
                                >> uint_p[push_back_a(pSelf->m_aUIntStack)]
                                >> *((~ch_p('\r') & ~ch_p('\n')))
                                >> eol_p
                             ])[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::haveFile,pSelf, _1, _2)]
                          >> *( comment | object | ( xref >> trailer ) );
            #else
            pdfrule     = ! (lexeme_d[
                                str_p( "%PDF-" )
                                >> uint_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::push_back_action_uint, pSelf, _1)]
                                >> ch_p('.')
                                >> uint_p[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::push_back_action_uint, pSelf, _1)]
                                >> *((~ch_p('\r') & ~ch_p('\n')))
                                >> eol_p
                             ])[boost::bind(&PDFGrammar::haveFile,pSelf, _1, _2)]
                          >> *( comment | object | ( xref >> trailer ) );
            #endif
        }
        rule< ScannerT > comment, stream, boolean, name, stringtype, null_object, simple_type,
                         objectref, array, value, dict_element, dict_begin, dict_end,
                         array_begin, array_end, object, object_begin, object_end,
                         xref, trailer, pdfrule;

        const rule< ScannerT >& start() const { return pdfrule; }
    };

    #ifndef USE_ASSIGN_ACTOR
    void push_back_action_uint( unsigned int i )
    {
        m_aUIntStack.push_back( i );
    }
    void assign_action_double( double d )
    {
        m_fDouble = d;
    }
    #endif

    void parseError( const char* pMessage, iteratorT pLocation )
    {
        throw_( pLocation, pMessage );
    }

    rtl::OString iteratorToString( iteratorT first, iteratorT last ) const
    {
        rtl::OStringBuffer aStr( 32 );
        while( first != last )
        {
            aStr.append( *first );
            ++first;
        }
        return aStr.makeStringAndClear();
    }

    void haveFile( iteratorT pBegin, iteratorT /*pEnd*/ )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
        {
            PDFFile* pFile = new PDFFile();
            pFile->m_nMinor = m_aUIntStack.back();
            m_aUIntStack.pop_back();
            pFile->m_nMajor = m_aUIntStack.back();
            m_aUIntStack.pop_back();
            m_aObjectStack.push_back( pFile );
        }
        else
            parseError( "found file header in unusual place", pBegin );
    }

    void pushComment( iteratorT first, iteratorT last )
    {
        // add a comment to the current stack element
        PDFComment* pComment =
            new PDFComment(iteratorToString(first,last));
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            m_aObjectStack.push_back( new PDFPart() );
        PDFContainer* pContainer = dynamic_cast<PDFContainer*>(m_aObjectStack.back());
        if( pContainer == NULL )
            parseError( "comment without container", first );
        pContainer->m_aSubElements.push_back( pComment );
    }

    void insertNewValue( PDFEntry* pNewValue, iteratorT pPos )
    {
        PDFContainer* pContainer = NULL;
        const char* pMsg = NULL;
        if( ! m_aObjectStack.empty() &&
            (pContainer = dynamic_cast<PDFContainer*>(m_aObjectStack.back())) != NULL )
        {
            if( dynamic_cast<PDFDict*>(pContainer) == NULL      &&
                dynamic_cast<PDFArray*>(pContainer) == NULL )
            {
                PDFObject* pObj = dynamic_cast<PDFObject*>(pContainer);
                if( pObj )
                {
                    if( pObj->m_pObject == NULL )
                        pObj->m_pObject = pNewValue;
                    else
                    {
                        pMsg = "second value for object";
                        pContainer = NULL;
                    }
                }
                else if( dynamic_cast<PDFDict*>(pNewValue) )
                {
                    PDFTrailer* pTrailer = dynamic_cast<PDFTrailer*>(pContainer);
                    if( pTrailer )
                    {
                        if( pTrailer->m_pDict == NULL )
                            pTrailer->m_pDict = dynamic_cast<PDFDict*>(pNewValue);
                        else
                            pContainer = NULL;
                    }
                    else
                        pContainer = NULL;
                }
                else
                    pContainer = NULL;
            }
        }
        if( pContainer )
            pContainer->m_aSubElements.push_back( pNewValue );
        else
        {
            if( ! pMsg )
            {
                if( dynamic_cast<PDFContainer*>(pNewValue) )
                    pMsg = "array without container";
                else
                    pMsg = "value without container";
            }
            delete pNewValue;
            parseError( pMsg, pPos );
        }
    }

    void pushName( iteratorT first, iteratorT last )
    {
        insertNewValue( new PDFName(iteratorToString(first,last)), first );
    }

    void pushDouble( iteratorT first, iteratorT /*last*/ )
    {
        insertNewValue( new PDFNumber(m_fDouble), first );
    }

    void pushString( iteratorT first, iteratorT last )
    {
        insertNewValue( new PDFString(iteratorToString(first,last)), first );
    }

    void pushBool( iteratorT first, iteratorT last )
    {
        insertNewValue( new PDFBool( (last-first == 4) ), first );
    }

    void pushNull( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        insertNewValue( new PDFNull(), first );
    }


    void beginObject( iteratorT first, iteratorT /*last*/ )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            m_aObjectStack.push_back( new PDFPart() );

        unsigned int nGeneration = m_aUIntStack.back();
        m_aUIntStack.pop_back();
        unsigned int nObject = m_aUIntStack.back();
        m_aUIntStack.pop_back();

        PDFObject* pObj = new PDFObject( nObject, nGeneration );
        pObj->m_nOffset = first - m_aGlobalBegin;

        PDFContainer* pContainer = dynamic_cast<PDFContainer*>(m_aObjectStack.back());
        if( pContainer &&
            ( dynamic_cast<PDFFile*>(pContainer) ||
              dynamic_cast<PDFPart*>(pContainer) ) )
        {
            pContainer->m_aSubElements.push_back( pObj );
            m_aObjectStack.push_back( pObj );
        }
        else
            parseError( "object in wrong place", first );
    }

    void endObject( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            parseError( "endobj without obj", first );
        else if( dynamic_cast<PDFObject*>(m_aObjectStack.back()) == NULL )
            parseError( "spurious endobj", first );
        else
            m_aObjectStack.pop_back();
    }

    void pushObjectRef( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        unsigned int nGeneration = m_aUIntStack.back();
        m_aUIntStack.pop_back();
        unsigned int nObject = m_aUIntStack.back();
        m_aUIntStack.pop_back();
        insertNewValue( new PDFObjectRef(nObject,nGeneration), first );
    }

    void beginDict( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        PDFDict* pDict = new PDFDict();
        pDict->m_nOffset = first - m_aGlobalBegin;

        insertNewValue( pDict, first );
        // will not come here if insertion fails (exception)
        m_aObjectStack.push_back( pDict );
    }
    void endDict( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        PDFDict* pDict = NULL;
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            parseError( "dictionary end without begin", first );
        else if( (pDict = dynamic_cast<PDFDict*>(m_aObjectStack.back())) == NULL )
            parseError( "spurious dictionary end", first );
        else
            m_aObjectStack.pop_back();

        PDFEntry* pOffender = pDict->buildMap();
        if( pOffender )
        {
            StringEmitContext aCtx;
            aCtx.write( "offending dictionary element: ", 30 );
            pOffender->emit( aCtx );
            m_aErrorString = aCtx.getString();
            parseError( m_aErrorString.getStr(), first );
        }
    }

    void beginArray( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        PDFArray* pArray = new PDFArray();
        pArray->m_nOffset = first - m_aGlobalBegin;

        insertNewValue( pArray, first );
        // will not come here if insertion fails (exception)
        m_aObjectStack.push_back( pArray );
    }

    void endArray( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            parseError( "array end without begin", first );
        else if( dynamic_cast<PDFArray*>(m_aObjectStack.back()) == NULL )
            parseError( "spurious array end", first );
        else
            m_aObjectStack.pop_back();
    }

    void emitStream( iteratorT first, iteratorT last )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            parseError( "stream without object", first );
        PDFObject* pObj = dynamic_cast<PDFObject*>(m_aObjectStack.back());
        if( pObj && pObj->m_pObject )
        {
            if( pObj->m_pStream )
                parseError( "multiple streams in object", first );

            PDFDict* pDict = dynamic_cast<PDFDict*>(pObj->m_pObject);
            if( pDict )
            {
                PDFStream* pStream = new PDFStream( first - m_aGlobalBegin, last - m_aGlobalBegin, pDict );

                pObj->m_pStream = pStream;
                pObj->m_aSubElements.push_back( pStream );
            }
        }
        else
            parseError( "stream without object", first );
    }

    void beginTrailer( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            m_aObjectStack.push_back( new PDFPart() );

        PDFTrailer* pTrailer = new PDFTrailer();
        pTrailer->m_nOffset = first - m_aGlobalBegin;

        PDFContainer* pContainer = dynamic_cast<PDFContainer*>(m_aObjectStack.back());
        if( pContainer &&
            ( dynamic_cast<PDFFile*>(pContainer) ||
              dynamic_cast<PDFPart*>(pContainer) ) )
        {
            pContainer->m_aSubElements.push_back( pTrailer );
            m_aObjectStack.push_back( pTrailer );
        }
        else
            parseError( "trailer in wrong place", first );
    }

    void endTrailer( iteratorT first, iteratorT )
    {
        if( m_aObjectStack.empty() )
            parseError( "%%EOF without trailer", first );
        else if( dynamic_cast<PDFTrailer*>(m_aObjectStack.back()) == NULL )
            parseError( "spurious %%EOF", first );
        else
            m_aObjectStack.pop_back();
    }
};

PDFEntry* PDFReader::read( const char* pBuffer, unsigned int nLen )
{
    PDFGrammar<const char*> aGrammar( pBuffer );

    try
    {
        boost::spirit::parse_info<const char*> aInfo =
            boost::spirit::parse( pBuffer,
                                  pBuffer+nLen,
                                  aGrammar,
                                  boost::spirit::space_p );
        #if OSL_DEBUG_LEVEL > 1
        fprintf( stderr, "parseinfo: stop = %p (buff=%p, offset = %d), hit = %s, full = %s, length = %d\n",
                 aInfo.stop, pBuffer, aInfo.stop - pBuffer,
                 aInfo.hit ? "true" : "false",
                 aInfo.full ? "true" : "false",
                 aInfo.length );
        #endif
    }
    catch( parser_error<const char*, const char*>& rError )
    {
        #if OSL_DEBUG_LEVEL > 1
        fprintf( stderr, "parse error: %s at buffer pos %u\nobject stack:\n",
                 rError.descriptor, rError.where - pBuffer );
        unsigned int nElem = aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.size();
        for( unsigned int i = 0; i < nElem; i++ )
        {
            fprintf( stderr, "   %s\n", typeid( *(aGrammar.m_aObjectStack[i]) ).name() );
        }
        #endif
    }

    PDFEntry* pRet = NULL;
    unsigned int nEntries = aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.size();
    if( nEntries == 1 )
    {
        pRet = aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.back();
        aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.pop_back();
    }
    #if OSL_DEBUG_LEVEL > 1
    else if( nEntries > 1 )
        fprintf( stderr, "error got %u stack objects in parse\n", nEntries );
    #endif

    return pRet;
}

PDFEntry* PDFReader::read( const char* pFileName )
{
    file_iterator<> file_start( pFileName );
    if( ! file_start )
        return NULL;
    file_iterator<> file_end = file_start.make_end();
    PDFGrammar< file_iterator<> > aGrammar( file_start );

    try
    {
        boost::spirit::parse_info< file_iterator<> > aInfo =
            boost::spirit::parse( file_start,
                                  file_end,
                                  aGrammar,
                                  boost::spirit::space_p );
        #if OSL_DEBUG_LEVEL > 1
        fprintf( stderr, "parseinfo: stop at offset = %d, hit = %s, full = %s, length = %d\n",
                 aInfo.stop - file_start,
                 aInfo.hit ? "true" : "false",
                 aInfo.full ? "true" : "false",
                 aInfo.length );
        #endif
    }
    catch( parser_error< const char*, file_iterator<> >& rError )
    {
        #if OSL_DEBUG_LEVEL > 1
        fprintf( stderr, "parse error: %s at buffer pos %u\nobject stack:\n",
                 rError.descriptor, rError.where - file_start );
        unsigned int nElem = aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.size();
        for( unsigned int i = 0; i < nElem; i++ )
        {
            fprintf( stderr, "   %s\n", typeid( *(aGrammar.m_aObjectStack[i]) ).name() );
        }
        #endif
    }

    PDFEntry* pRet = NULL;
    unsigned int nEntries = aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.size();
    if( nEntries == 1 )
    {
        pRet = aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.back();
        aGrammar.m_aObjectStack.pop_back();
    }
    #if OSL_DEBUG_LEVEL > 1
    else if( nEntries > 1 )
    {
        fprintf( stderr, "error got %u stack objects in parse\n", nEntries );
        for( unsigned int i = 0; i < nEntries; i++ )
        {
            fprintf( stderr, "%s\n", typeid(*aGrammar.m_aObjectStack[i]).name() );
            PDFObject* pObj = dynamic_cast<PDFObject*>(aGrammar.m_aObjectStack[i]);
            if( pObj )
                fprintf( stderr, "   -> object %d generation %d\n", pObj->m_nNumber, pObj->m_nGeneration );
            else
                fprintf( stderr, "(type %s)\n", typeid(*aGrammar.m_aObjectStack[i]).name() );
        }
    }
    #endif

    return pRet;
}

#if defined __SUNPRO_CC
#pragma enable_warn
#elif defined _MSC_VER
#pragma warning(pop)
#endif