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2020-08-10kbuild: introduce hostprogs-always-y and userprogs-always-yMasahiro Yamada12-27/+12
To build host programs, you need to add the program names to 'hostprogs' to use the necessary build rule, but it is not enough to build them because there is no dependency. There are two types of host programs: built as the prerequisite of another (e.g. gen_crc32table in lib/Makefile), or always built when Kbuild visits the Makefile (e.g. genksyms in scripts/genksyms/Makefile). The latter is typical in Makefiles under scripts/, which contains host programs globally used during the kernel build. To build them, you need to add them to both 'hostprogs' and 'always-y'. This commit adds hostprogs-always-y as a shorthand. The same applies to user programs. net/bpfilter/Makefile builds bpfilter_umh on demand, hence always-y is unneeded. In contrast, programs under samples/ are added to both 'userprogs' and 'always-y' so they are always built when Kbuild visits the Makefiles. userprogs-always-y works as a shorthand. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Miguel Ojeda <>
2020-08-07Merge tag 'pci-v5.9-changes' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git:// Pull PCI updates from Bjorn Helgaas: "Enumeration: - Fix pci_cfg_wait queue locking problem (Bjorn Helgaas) - Convert PCIe capability PCIBIOS errors to errno (Bolarinwa Olayemi Saheed) - Align PCIe capability and PCI accessor return values (Bolarinwa Olayemi Saheed) - Fix pci_create_slot() reference count leak (Qiushi Wu) - Announce device after early fixups (Tiezhu Yang) PCI device hotplug: - Make rpadlpar functions static (Wei Yongjun) Driver binding: - Add device even if driver attach failed (Rajat Jain) Virtualization: - xen: Remove redundant initialization of irq (Colin Ian King) IOMMU: - Add pci_pri_supported() to check device or associated PF (Ashok Raj) - Release IVRS table in AMD ACS quirk (Hanjun Guo) - Mark AMD Navi10 GPU rev 0x00 ATS as broken (Kai-Heng Feng) - Treat "external-facing" devices themselves as internal (Rajat Jain) MSI: - Forward MSI-X error code in pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity() (Piotr Stankiewicz) Error handling: - Clear PCIe Device Status errors only if OS owns AER (Jonathan Cameron) - Log correctable errors as warning, not error (Matt Jolly) - Use 'pci_channel_state_t' instead of 'enum pci_channel_state' (Luc Van Oostenryck) Peer-to-peer DMA: - Allow P2PDMA on AMD Zen and newer CPUs (Logan Gunthorpe) ASPM: - Add missing newline in sysfs 'policy' (Xiongfeng Wang) Native PCIe controllers: - Convert to devm_platform_ioremap_resource_byname() (Dejin Zheng) - Convert to devm_platform_ioremap_resource() (Dejin Zheng) - Remove duplicate error message from devm_pci_remap_cfg_resource() callers (Dejin Zheng) - Fix runtime PM imbalance on error (Dinghao Liu) - Remove dev_err() when handing an error from platform_get_irq() (Krzysztof Wilczyński) - Use list directly instead of splicing in a temporary list for cadence, mvebu, host-common (Rob Herring) - Use pci_host_probe() instead of open-coding all the pieces for altera, brcmstb, iproc, mobiveil, rcar, rockchip, tegra, v3, versatile, xgene, xilinx, xilinx-nwl (Rob Herring) - Default host bridge parent device to the platform device (Rob Herring) - Use pci_is_root_bus() instead of tracking root bus number separately in aardvark, designware (imx6, keystone, designware-host), mobiveil, xilinx-nwl, xilinx, rockchip, rcar (Rob Herring) - Set host bridge bus number in pci_scan_root_bus_bridge() instead of each driver for aardvark, designware-host, host-common, mediatek, rcar, tegra, v3-semi (Rob Herring) - Move DT resource setup into devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge() (Rob Herring) - Set bridge map_irq and swizzle_irq to default functions; drivers that don't support legacy IRQs (iproc) need to undo this (Rob Herring) ARM Versatile PCIe controller driver: - Drop flag PCI_ENABLE_PROC_DOMAINS (Rob Herring) Cadence PCIe controller driver: - Use "dma-ranges" instead of "cdns,no-bar-match-nbits" property (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Remove "mem" from reg binding (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Fix cdns_pcie_{host|ep}_setup() error path (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Convert all r/w accessors to perform only 32-bit accesses (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Add support to start link and verify link status (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Allow pci_host_bridge to have custom pci_ops (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Add new *ops* for CPU addr fixup (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Fix updating Vendor ID and Subsystem Vendor ID register (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Use bridge resources for outbound window setup (Rob Herring) - Remove private bus number and range storage (Rob Herring) Cadence PCIe endpoint driver: - Add MSI-X support (Alan Douglas) HiSilicon PCIe controller driver: - Remove non-ECAM HiSilicon hip05/hip06 driver (Rob Herring) Intel VMD host bridge driver: - Use Shadow MEMBAR registers for QEMU/KVM guests (Jon Derrick) Loongson PCIe controller driver: - Use DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_EARLY for bridge_class_quirk() (Tiezhu Yang) Marvell Aardvark PCIe controller driver: - Indicate error in 'val' when config read fails (Pali Rohár) - Don't touch PCIe registers if no card connected (Pali Rohár) Marvell MVEBU PCIe controller driver: - Setup BAR0 in order to fix MSI (Shmuel Hazan) Microsoft Hyper-V host bridge driver: - Fix a timing issue which causes kdump to fail occasionally (Wei Hu) - Make some functions static (Wei Yongjun) NVIDIA Tegra PCIe controller driver: - Revert tegra124 raw_violation_fixup (Nicolas Chauvet) - Remove PLL power supplies (Thierry Reding) Qualcomm PCIe controller driver: - Change duplicate PCI reset to phy reset (Abhishek Sahu) - Add missing ipq806x clocks in PCIe driver (Ansuel Smith) - Add missing reset for ipq806x (Ansuel Smith) - Add ext reset (Ansuel Smith) - Use bulk clk API and assert on error (Ansuel Smith) - Add support for tx term offset for rev 2.1.0 (Ansuel Smith) - Define some PARF params needed for ipq8064 SoC (Ansuel Smith) - Add ipq8064 rev2 variant (Ansuel Smith) - Support PCI speed set for ipq806x (Sham Muthayyan) Renesas R-Car PCIe controller driver: - Use devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge() (Rob Herring) - Use struct list directly (Rob Herring) - Convert rcar-gen2 to use modern host bridge probe functions (Rob Herring) TI J721E PCIe driver: - Add TI J721E PCIe host and endpoint driver (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) Xilinx Versal CPM PCIe controller driver: - Add Versal CPM Root Port driver and YAML schema (Bharat Kumar Gogada) MicroSemi Switchtec management driver: - Add missing __iomem and __user tags to fix sparse warnings (Logan Gunthorpe) Miscellaneous: - Replace http:// links with https:// (Alexander A. Klimov) - Replace, spinics, gmane with (Bjorn Helgaas) - Remove unused pci_lost_interrupt() (Heiner Kallweit) - Move PCI_VENDOR_ID_REDHAT definition to pci_ids.h (Huacai Chen) - Fix kerneldoc warnings (Krzysztof Kozlowski)" * tag 'pci-v5.9-changes' of git:// (113 commits) PCI: Fix kerneldoc warnings PCI: xilinx-cpm: Add Versal CPM Root Port driver PCI: xilinx-cpm: Add YAML schemas for Versal CPM Root Port PCI: Set bridge map_irq and swizzle_irq to default functions PCI: Move DT resource setup into devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge() PCI: rcar-gen2: Convert to use modern host bridge probe functions PCI: Remove dev_err() when handing an error from platform_get_irq() MAINTAINERS: Add Kishon Vijay Abraham I for TI J721E SoC PCIe misc: pci_endpoint_test: Add J721E in pci_device_id table PCI: j721e: Add TI J721E PCIe driver PCI: switchtec: Add missing __iomem tag to fix sparse warnings PCI: switchtec: Add missing __iomem and __user tags to fix sparse warnings PCI: rpadlpar: Make functions static PCI/P2PDMA: Allow P2PDMA on AMD Zen and newer CPUs PCI: Release IVRS table in AMD ACS quirk PCI: Announce device after early fixups PCI: Mark AMD Navi10 GPU rev 0x00 ATS as broken PCI: Remove unused pci_lost_interrupt() dt-bindings: PCI: Add EP mode dt-bindings for TI's J721E SoC dt-bindings: PCI: Add host mode dt-bindings for TI's J721E SoC ...
2020-08-05Merge git:// Torvalds14-246/+620
Pull networking updates from David Miller: 1) Support 6Ghz band in ath11k driver, from Rajkumar Manoharan. 2) Support UDP segmentation in code TSO code, from Eric Dumazet. 3) Allow flashing different flash images in cxgb4 driver, from Vishal Kulkarni. 4) Add drop frames counter and flow status to tc flower offloading, from Po Liu. 5) Support n-tuple filters in cxgb4, from Vishal Kulkarni. 6) Various new indirect call avoidance, from Eric Dumazet and Brian Vazquez. 7) Fix BPF verifier failures on 32-bit pointer arithmetic, from Yonghong Song. 8) Support querying and setting hardware address of a port function via devlink, use this in mlx5, from Parav Pandit. 9) Support hw ipsec offload on bonding slaves, from Jarod Wilson. 10) Switch qca8k driver over to phylink, from Jonathan McDowell. 11) In bpftool, show list of processes holding BPF FD references to maps, programs, links, and btf objects. From Andrii Nakryiko. 12) Several conversions over to generic power management, from Vaibhav Gupta. 13) Add support for SO_KEEPALIVE et al. to bpf_setsockopt(), from Dmitry Yakunin. 14) Various https url conversions, from Alexander A. Klimov. 15) Timestamping and PHC support for mscc PHY driver, from Antoine Tenart. 16) Support bpf iterating over tcp and udp sockets, from Yonghong Song. 17) Support 5GBASE-T i40e NICs, from Aleksandr Loktionov. 18) Add kTLS RX HW offload support to mlx5e, from Tariq Toukan. 19) Fix the ->ndo_start_xmit() return type to be netdev_tx_t in several drivers. From Luc Van Oostenryck. 20) XDP support for xen-netfront, from Denis Kirjanov. 21) Support receive buffer autotuning in MPTCP, from Florian Westphal. 22) Support EF100 chip in sfc driver, from Edward Cree. 23) Add XDP support to mvpp2 driver, from Matteo Croce. 24) Support MPTCP in sock_diag, from Paolo Abeni. 25) Commonize UDP tunnel offloading code by creating udp_tunnel_nic infrastructure, from Jakub Kicinski. 26) Several pci_ --> dma_ API conversions, from Christophe JAILLET. 27) Add FLOW_ACTION_POLICE support to mlxsw, from Ido Schimmel. 28) Add SK_LOOKUP bpf program type, from Jakub Sitnicki. 29) Refactor a lot of networking socket option handling code in order to avoid set_fs() calls, from Christoph Hellwig. 30) Add rfc4884 support to icmp code, from Willem de Bruijn. 31) Support TBF offload in dpaa2-eth driver, from Ioana Ciornei. 32) Support XDP_REDIRECT in qede driver, from Alexander Lobakin. 33) Support PCI relaxed ordering in mlx5 driver, from Aya Levin. 34) Support TCP syncookies in MPTCP, from Flowian Westphal. 35) Fix several tricky cases of PMTU handling wrt. briding, from Stefano Brivio. * git:// (2056 commits) net: thunderx: initialize VF's mailbox mutex before first usage usb: hso: remove bogus check for EINPROGRESS usb: hso: no complaint about kmalloc failure hso: fix bailout in error case of probe ip_tunnel_core: Fix build for archs without _HAVE_ARCH_IPV6_CSUM selftests/net: relax cpu affinity requirement in msg_zerocopy test mptcp: be careful on subflow creation selftests: rtnetlink: make kci_test_encap() return sub-test result selftests: rtnetlink: correct the final return value for the test net: dsa: sja1105: use detected device id instead of DT one on mismatch tipc: set ub->ifindex for local ipv6 address ipv6: add ipv6_dev_find() net: openvswitch: silence suspicious RCU usage warning Revert "vxlan: fix tos value before xmit" ptp: only allow phase values lower than 1 period farsync: switch from 'pci_' to 'dma_' API wan: wanxl: switch from 'pci_' to 'dma_' API hv_netvsc: do not use VF device if link is down dpaa2-eth: Fix passing zero to 'PTR_ERR' warning net: macb: Properly handle phylink on at91sam9x ...
2020-08-04Merge tag 'docs-5.9' of git:// Torvalds2-2/+2
Pull documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "It's been a busy cycle for documentation - hopefully the busiest for a while to come. Changes include: - Some new Chinese translations - Progress on the battle against double words words and non-HTTPS URLs - Some block-mq documentation - More RST conversions from Mauro. At this point, that task is essentially complete, so we shouldn't see this kind of churn again for a while. Unless we decide to switch to asciidoc or something...:) - Lots of typo fixes, warning fixes, and more" * tag 'docs-5.9' of git:// (195 commits) scripts/kernel-doc: optionally treat warnings as errors docs: ia64: correct typo mailmap: add entry for <> doc/zh_CN: add cpu-load Chinese version Documentation/admin-guide: tainted-kernels: fix spelling mistake MAINTAINERS: adjust kprobes.rst entry to new location devices.txt: document rfkill allocation PCI: correct flag name docs: filesystems: vfs: correct flag name docs: filesystems: vfs: correct sync_mode flag names docs: path-lookup: markup fixes for emphasis docs: path-lookup: more markup fixes docs: path-lookup: fix HTML entity mojibake CREDITS: Replace HTTP links with HTTPS ones docs: process: Add an example for creating a fixes tag doc/zh_CN: add Chinese translation prefer section doc/zh_CN: add clearing-warn-once Chinese version doc/zh_CN: add admin-guide index doc:it_IT: process: coding-style.rst: Correct __maybe_unused compiler label futex: MAINTAINERS: Re-add selftests directory ...
2020-07-21samples/bpf, selftests/bpf: Use bpf_probe_read_kernelIlya Leoshkevich4-8/+24
A handful of samples and selftests fail to build on s390, because after commit 0ebeea8ca8a4 ("bpf: Restrict bpf_probe_read{, str}() only to archs where they work") bpf_probe_read is not available anymore. Fix by using bpf_probe_read_kernel. Signed-off-by: Ilya Leoshkevich <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2020-07-16samples/bpf: xdp_redirect_cpu: Load a eBPF program on cpumapLorenzo Bianconi2-22/+178
Extend xdp_redirect_cpu_{usr,kern}.c adding the possibility to load a XDP program on cpumap entries. The following options have been added: - mprog-name: cpumap entry program name - mprog-filename: cpumap entry program filename - redirect-device: output interface if the cpumap program performs a XDP_REDIRECT to an egress interface - redirect-map: bpf map used to perform XDP_REDIRECT to an egress interface - mprog-disable: disable loading XDP program on cpumap entries Add xdp_pass, xdp_drop, xdp_redirect stats accounting Co-developed-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Bianconi <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Link:
2020-07-16samples/bpf: xdp_redirect_cpu_user: Do not update bpf maps in option loopLorenzo Bianconi1-9/+27
Do not update xdp_redirect_cpu maps running while option loop but defer it after all available options have been parsed. This is a preliminary patch to pass the program name we want to attach to the map entries as a user option Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Bianconi <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Link:
2020-07-13Merge git:// S. Miller8-208/+392
Alexei Starovoitov says: ==================== pull-request: bpf-next 2020-07-13 The following pull-request contains BPF updates for your *net-next* tree. We've added 36 non-merge commits during the last 7 day(s) which contain a total of 62 files changed, 2242 insertions(+), 468 deletions(-). The main changes are: 1) Avoid trace_printk warning banner by switching bpf_trace_printk to use its own tracing event, from Alan. 2) Better libbpf support on older kernels, from Andrii. 3) Additional AF_XDP stats, from Ciara. 4) build time resolution of BTF IDs, from Jiri. 5) BPF_CGROUP_INET_SOCK_RELEASE hook, from Stanislav. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2020-07-13samples: bpf: Add an option for printing extra statistics in xdpsockCiara Loftus1-2/+85
Introduce the --extra-stats (or simply -x) flag to the xdpsock application which prints additional statistics alongside the regular rx and tx counters. The new statistics printed report error conditions eg. rx ring full, invalid descriptors, etc. Signed-off-by: Ciara Loftus <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Link:
2020-07-10bpf: Fix fds_example SIGSEGV errorWenbo Zhang1-1/+2
The `BPF_LOG_BUF_SIZE`'s value is `UINT32_MAX >> 8`, so define an array with it on stack caused an overflow. Signed-off-by: Wenbo Zhang <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-07-09PCI: Move PCI_VENDOR_ID_REDHAT definition to pci_ids.hHuacai Chen1-1/+1
Instead of duplicating the PCI_VENDOR_ID_REDHAT definition everywhere, move it to include/linux/pci_ids.h. [bhelgaas: also update MDPY_PCI_VENDOR_ID] Link: Signed-off-by: Huacai Chen <> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <> Acked-by: Gerd Hoffmann <>
2020-07-08samples: bpf: Refactor BPF map performance test with libbpfDaniel T. Lee2-147/+196
Previously, in order to set the numa_node attribute at the time of map creation using "libbpf", it was necessary to call bpf_create_map_node() directly (bpf_load approach), instead of calling bpf_object_load() that handles everything on its own, including map creation. And because of this problem, this sample had problems with refactoring from bpf_load to libbbpf. However, by commit 1bdb6c9a1c43 ("libbpf: Add a bunch of attribute getters/setters for map definitions") added the numa_node attribute and allowed it to be set in the map. By using libbpf instead of bpf_load, the inner map definition has been explicitly declared with BTF-defined format. Also, the element of ARRAY_OF_MAPS was also statically specified using the BTF format. And for this reason some logic in fixup_map() was not needed and changed or removed. Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-07-08samples: bpf: Refactor BPF map in map test with libbpfDaniel T. Lee3-49/+91
From commit 646f02ffdd49 ("libbpf: Add BTF-defined map-in-map support"), a way to define internal map in BTF-defined map has been added. Instead of using previous 'inner_map_idx' definition, the structure to be used for the inner map can be directly defined using array directive. __array(values, struct inner_map) This commit refactors map in map test program with libbpf by explicitly defining inner map with BTF-defined format. Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-07-08samples: bpf: Fix bpf programs with kprobe/sys_connect eventDaniel T. Lee3-9/+18
Currently, BPF programs with kprobe/sys_connect does not work properly. Commit 34745aed515c ("samples/bpf: fix kprobe attachment issue on x64") This commit modifies the bpf_load behavior of kprobe events in the x64 architecture. If the current kprobe event target starts with "sys_*", add the prefix "__x64_" to the front of the event. Appending "__x64_" prefix with kprobe/sys_* event was appropriate as a solution to most of the problems caused by the commit below. commit d5a00528b58c ("syscalls/core, syscalls/x86: Rename struct pt_regs-based sys_*() to __x64_sys_*()") However, there is a problem with the sys_connect kprobe event that does not work properly. For __sys_connect event, parameters can be fetched normally, but for __x64_sys_connect, parameters cannot be fetched. ffffffff818d3520 <__x64_sys_connect>: ffffffff818d3520: e8 fb df 32 00 callq 0xffffffff81c01520 <__fentry__> ffffffff818d3525: 48 8b 57 60 movq 96(%rdi), %rdx ffffffff818d3529: 48 8b 77 68 movq 104(%rdi), %rsi ffffffff818d352d: 48 8b 7f 70 movq 112(%rdi), %rdi ffffffff818d3531: e8 1a ff ff ff callq 0xffffffff818d3450 <__sys_connect> ffffffff818d3536: 48 98 cltq ffffffff818d3538: c3 retq ffffffff818d3539: 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 nopl (%rax) As the assembly code for __x64_sys_connect shows, parameters should be fetched and set into rdi, rsi, rdx registers prior to calling __sys_connect. Because of this problem, this commit fixes the sys_connect event by first getting the value of the rdi register and then the value of the rdi, rsi, and rdx register through an offset based on that value. Fixes: 34745aed515c ("samples/bpf: fix kprobe attachment issue on x64") Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <> Link:
2020-07-03samples/vfs: avoid warning in statx overrideKees Cook1-0/+2
Something changed recently to uncover this warning: samples/vfs/test-statx.c:24:15: warning: `struct foo' declared inside parameter list will not be visible outside of this definition or declaration 24 | #define statx foo | ^~~ Which is due the use of "struct statx" (here, "struct foo") in a function prototype argument list before it has been defined: int # 56 "/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/bits/statx-generic.h" foo # 56 "/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/bits/statx-generic.h" 3 4 (int __dirfd, const char *__restrict __path, int __flags, unsigned int __mask, struct # 57 "/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/bits/statx-generic.h" foo # 57 "/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/bits/statx-generic.h" 3 4 *__restrict __buf) __attribute__ ((__nothrow__ , __leaf__)) __attribute__ ((__nonnull__ (2, 5))); Add explicit struct before #include to avoid warning. Fixes: f1b5618e013a ("vfs: Add a sample program for the new mount API") Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Miklos Szeredi <> Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: David Howells <> Link: Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2020-06-25Merge git:// Torvalds3-21/+7
Pull networking fixes from David Miller: 1) Don't insert ESP trailer twice in IPSEC code, from Huy Nguyen. 2) The default crypto algorithm selection in Kconfig for IPSEC is out of touch with modern reality, fix this up. From Eric Biggers. 3) bpftool is missing an entry for BPF_MAP_TYPE_RINGBUF, from Andrii Nakryiko. 4) Missing init of ->frame_sz in xdp_convert_zc_to_xdp_frame(), from Hangbin Liu. 5) Adjust packet alignment handling in ax88179_178a driver to match what the hardware actually does. From Jeremy Kerr. 6) register_netdevice can leak in the case one of the notifiers fail, from Yang Yingliang. 7) Use after free in ip_tunnel_lookup(), from Taehee Yoo. 8) VLAN checks in sja1105 DSA driver need adjustments, from Vladimir Oltean. 9) tg3 driver can sleep forever when we get enough EEH errors, fix from David Christensen. 10) Missing {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() annotations in various Intel ethernet drivers, from Ciara Loftus. 11) Fix scanning loop break condition in of_mdiobus_register(), from Florian Fainelli. 12) MTU limit is incorrect in ibmveth driver, from Thomas Falcon. 13) Endianness fix in mlxsw, from Ido Schimmel. 14) Use after free in smsc95xx usbnet driver, from Tuomas Tynkkynen. 15) Missing bridge mrp configuration validation, from Horatiu Vultur. 16) Fix circular netns references in wireguard, from Jason A. Donenfeld. 17) PTP initialization on recovery is not done properly in qed driver, from Alexander Lobakin. 18) Endian conversion of L4 ports in filters of cxgb4 driver is wrong, from Rahul Lakkireddy. 19) Don't clear bound device TX queue of socket prematurely otherwise we get problems with ktls hw offloading, from Tariq Toukan. 20) ipset can do atomics on unaligned memory, fix from Russell King. 21) Align ethernet addresses properly in bridging code, from Thomas Martitz. 22) Don't advertise ipv4 addresses on SCTP sockets having ipv6only set, from Marcelo Ricardo Leitner. * git:// (149 commits) rds: transport module should be auto loaded when transport is set sch_cake: fix a few style nits sch_cake: don't call diffserv parsing code when it is not needed sch_cake: don't try to reallocate or unshare skb unconditionally ethtool: fix error handling in linkstate_prepare_data() wil6210: account for napi_gro_receive never returning GRO_DROP hns: do not cast return value of napi_gro_receive to null socionext: account for napi_gro_receive never returning GRO_DROP wireguard: receive: account for napi_gro_receive never returning GRO_DROP vxlan: fix last fdb index during dump of fdb with nhid sctp: Don't advertise IPv4 addresses if ipv6only is set on the socket tc-testing: avoid action cookies with odd length. bpf: tcp: bpf_cubic: fix spurious HYSTART_DELAY exit upon drop in min RTT tcp_cubic: fix spurious HYSTART_DELAY exit upon drop in min RTT net: dsa: sja1105: fix tc-gate schedule with single element net: dsa: sja1105: recalculate gating subschedule after deleting tc-gate rules net: dsa: sja1105: unconditionally free old gating config net: dsa: sja1105: move sja1105_compose_gating_subschedule at the top net: macb: free resources on failure path of at91ether_open() net: macb: call pm_runtime_put_sync on failure path ...
2020-06-21Merge tag 'kbuild-fixes-v5.8' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-7/+5
git:// Pull Kbuild fixes from Masahiro Yamada: - fix -gz=zlib compiler option test for CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_COMPRESSED - improve cc-option in scripts/Kbuild.include to clean up temp files - improve cc-option in scripts/Kconfig.include for more reliable compile option test - do not copy modules.builtin by 'make install' because it would break existing systems - use 'userprogs' syntax for watch_queue sample * tag 'kbuild-fixes-v5.8' of git:// samples: watch_queue: build sample program for target architecture Revert "Makefile: install modules.builtin even if CONFIG_MODULES=n" scripts: Fix typo in kconfig: unify cc-option and as-option kbuild: improve cc-option to clean up all temporary files Makefile: Improve compressed debug info support detection
2020-06-22samples: watch_queue: build sample program for target architectureMasahiro Yamada2-7/+5
This userspace program includes UAPI headers exported to usr/include/. 'make headers' always works for the target architecture (i.e. the same architecture as the kernel), so the sample program should be built for the target as well. Kbuild now supports 'userprogs' for that. I also guarded the CONFIG option by 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) may not provide libc. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
2020-06-20Merge tag 'trace-v5.8-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-6/+18
git:// Pull tracing fixes from Steven Rostedt: - Have recordmcount work with > 64K sections (to support LTO) - kprobe RCU fixes - Correct a kprobe critical section with missing mutex - Remove redundant arch_disarm_kprobe() call - Fix lockup when kretprobe triggers within kprobe_flush_task() - Fix memory leak in fetch_op_data operations - Fix sleep in atomic in ftrace trace array sample code - Free up memory on failure in sample trace array code - Fix incorrect reporting of function_graph fields in format file - Fix quote within quote parsing in bootconfig - Fix return value of bootconfig tool - Add testcases for bootconfig tool - Fix maybe uninitialized warning in ftrace pid file code - Remove unused variable in tracing_iter_reset() - Fix some typos * tag 'trace-v5.8-rc1' of git:// ftrace: Fix maybe-uninitialized compiler warning tools/bootconfig: Add testcase for show-command and quotes test tools/bootconfig: Fix to return 0 if succeeded to show the bootconfig tools/bootconfig: Fix to use correct quotes for value proc/bootconfig: Fix to use correct quotes for value tracing: Remove unused event variable in tracing_iter_reset tracing/probe: Fix memleak in fetch_op_data operations trace: Fix typo in allocate_ftrace_ops()'s comment tracing: Make ftrace packed events have align of 1 sample-trace-array: Remove trace_array 'sample-instance' sample-trace-array: Fix sleeping function called from invalid context kretprobe: Prevent triggering kretprobe from within kprobe_flush_task kprobes: Remove redundant arch_disarm_kprobe() call kprobes: Fix to protect kick_kprobe_optimizer() by kprobe_mutex kprobes: Use non RCU traversal APIs on kprobe_tables if possible kprobes: Suppress the suspicious RCU warning on kprobes recordmcount: support >64k sections
2020-06-19docs: move remaining stuff under Documentation/*.txt to Documentation/stagingMauro Carvalho Chehab2-2/+2
There are several files that I was unable to find a proper place for them, and 3 ones that are still in plain old text format. Let's place those stuff behind the carpet, as we'd like to keep the root directory clean. We can later discuss and move those into better places. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <> Link: Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <>
2020-06-17Merge git:// S. Miller3-21/+7
Alexei Starovoitov says: ==================== pull-request: bpf 2020-06-17 The following pull-request contains BPF updates for your *net* tree. We've added 10 non-merge commits during the last 2 day(s) which contain a total of 14 files changed, 158 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-). The main changes are: 1) Important fix for bpf_probe_read_kernel_str() return value, from Andrii. 2) [gs]etsockopt fix for large optlen, from Stanislav. 3) devmap allocation fix, from Toke. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2020-06-16sample-trace-array: Remove trace_array 'sample-instance'Kefeng Wang1-1/+5
Remove trace_array 'sample-instance' if kthread_run fails in sample_trace_array_init(). Link: Cc: Fixes: 89ed42495ef4a ("tracing: Sample module to demonstrate kernel access to Ftrace instances.") Reviewed-by: Divya Indi <> Signed-off-by: Kefeng Wang <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <>
2020-06-16sample-trace-array: Fix sleeping function called from invalid contextKefeng Wang1-5/+13
BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/locking/mutex.c:935 in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 0, non_block: 0, pid: 0, name: swapper/5 1 lock held by swapper/5/0: #0: ffff80001002bd90 (samples/ftrace/sample-trace-array.c:38){+.-.}-{0:0}, at: call_timer_fn+0x8/0x3e0 CPU: 5 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/5 Not tainted 5.7.0+ #8 Hardware name: QEMU QEMU Virtual Machine, BIOS 0.0.0 02/06/2015 Call trace: dump_backtrace+0x0/0x1a0 show_stack+0x20/0x30 dump_stack+0xe4/0x150 ___might_sleep+0x160/0x200 __might_sleep+0x58/0x90 __mutex_lock+0x64/0x948 mutex_lock_nested+0x3c/0x58 __ftrace_set_clr_event+0x44/0x88 trace_array_set_clr_event+0x24/0x38 mytimer_handler+0x34/0x40 [sample_trace_array] mutex_lock() will be called in interrupt context, using workqueue to fix it. Link: Cc: Fixes: 89ed42495ef4 ("tracing: Sample module to demonstrate kernel access to Ftrace instances.") Reviewed-by: Divya Indi <> Signed-off-by: Kefeng Wang <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <>
2020-06-16bpf, xdp, samples: Fix null pointer dereference in *_user codeGaurav Singh3-21/+7
Memset on the pointer right after malloc can cause a NULL pointer deference if it failed to allocate memory. A simple fix is to replace malloc()/memset() pair with a simple call to calloc(). Fixes: 0fca931a6f21 ("samples/bpf: program demonstrating access to xdp_rxq_info") Signed-off-by: Gaurav Singh <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Acked-by: John Fastabend <>
2020-06-15samples: mei: Replace zero-length array with flexible-arrayGustavo A. R. Silva1-1/+1
There is a regular need in the kernel to provide a way to declare having a dynamically sized set of trailing elements in a structure. Kernel code should always use “flexible array members”[1] for these cases. The older style of one-element or zero-length arrays should no longer be used[2]. [1] [2] Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <>
2020-06-13binderfs: add gitignore for generated sample programLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Let's keep "git status" happy and quiet. Fixes: 9762dc1432e1 ("samples: add binderfs sample program Fixes: fca5e94921d5 ("samples: binderfs: really compile this sample and fix build issues") Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2020-06-13Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.8-2' of ↵Linus Torvalds4-8/+6
git:// Pull more Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - fix build rules in binderfs sample - fix build errors when Kbuild recurses to the top Makefile - covert '---help---' in Kconfig to 'help' * tag 'kbuild-v5.8-2' of git:// treewide: replace '---help---' in Kconfig files with 'help' kbuild: fix broken builds because of GZIP,BZIP2,LZOP variables samples: binderfs: really compile this sample and fix build issues
2020-06-13watch_queue: add gitignore for generated sample programLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Let's keep "git status" happy and quiet. Fixes: f5b5a164f9a1 ("Add sample notification program") Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2020-06-13Merge tag 'notifications-20200601' of ↵Linus Torvalds4-0/+201
git:// Pull notification queue from David Howells: "This adds a general notification queue concept and adds an event source for keys/keyrings, such as linking and unlinking keys and changing their attributes. Thanks to Debarshi Ray, we do have a pull request to use this to fix a problem with gnome-online-accounts - as mentioned last time: Without this, g-o-a has to constantly poll a keyring-based kerberos cache to find out if kinit has changed anything. [ There are other notification pending: mount/sb fsinfo notifications for libmount that Karel Zak and Ian Kent have been working on, and Christian Brauner would like to use them in lxc, but let's see how this one works first ] LSM hooks are included: - A set of hooks are provided that allow an LSM to rule on whether or not a watch may be set. Each of these hooks takes a different "watched object" parameter, so they're not really shareable. The LSM should use current's credentials. [Wanted by SELinux & Smack] - A hook is provided to allow an LSM to rule on whether or not a particular message may be posted to a particular queue. This is given the credentials from the event generator (which may be the system) and the watch setter. [Wanted by Smack] I've provided SELinux and Smack with implementations of some of these hooks. WHY === Key/keyring notifications are desirable because if you have your kerberos tickets in a file/directory, your Gnome desktop will monitor that using something like fanotify and tell you if your credentials cache changes. However, we also have the ability to cache your kerberos tickets in the session, user or persistent keyring so that it isn't left around on disk across a reboot or logout. Keyrings, however, cannot currently be monitored asynchronously, so the desktop has to poll for it - not so good on a laptop. This facility will allow the desktop to avoid the need to poll. DESIGN DECISIONS ================ - The notification queue is built on top of a standard pipe. Messages are effectively spliced in. The pipe is opened with a special flag: pipe2(fds, O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE); The special flag has the same value as O_EXCL (which doesn't seem like it will ever be applicable in this context)[?]. It is given up front to make it a lot easier to prohibit splice&co from accessing the pipe. [?] Should this be done some other way? I'd rather not use up a new O_* flag if I can avoid it - should I add a pipe3() system call instead? The pipe is then configured:: ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE, queue_depth); ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER, &filter); Messages are then read out of the pipe using read(). - It should be possible to allow write() to insert data into the notification pipes too, but this is currently disabled as the kernel has to be able to insert messages into the pipe *without* holding pipe->mutex and the code to make this work needs careful auditing. - sendfile(), splice() and vmsplice() are disabled on notification pipes because of the pipe->mutex issue and also because they sometimes want to revert what they just did - but one or more notification messages might've been interleaved in the ring. - The kernel inserts messages with the wait queue spinlock held. This means that pipe_read() and pipe_write() have to take the spinlock to update the queue pointers. - Records in the buffer are binary, typed and have a length so that they can be of varying size. This allows multiple heterogeneous sources to share a common buffer; there are 16 million types available, of which I've used just a few, so there is scope for others to be used. Tags may be specified when a watchpoint is created to help distinguish the sources. - Records are filterable as types have up to 256 subtypes that can be individually filtered. Other filtration is also available. - Notification pipes don't interfere with each other; each may be bound to a different set of watches. Any particular notification will be copied to all the queues that are currently watching for it - and only those that are watching for it. - When recording a notification, the kernel will not sleep, but will rather mark a queue as having lost a message if there's insufficient space. read() will fabricate a loss notification message at an appropriate point later. - The notification pipe is created and then watchpoints are attached to it, using one of: keyctl_watch_key(KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING, fds[1], 0x01); watch_mount(AT_FDCWD, "/", 0, fd, 0x02); watch_sb(AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", 0, fd, 0x03); where in both cases, fd indicates the queue and the number after is a tag between 0 and 255. - Watches are removed if either the notification pipe is destroyed or the watched object is destroyed. In the latter case, a message will be generated indicating the enforced watch removal. Things I want to avoid: - Introducing features that make the core VFS dependent on the network stack or networking namespaces (ie. usage of netlink). - Dumping all this stuff into dmesg and having a daemon that sits there parsing the output and distributing it as this then puts the responsibility for security into userspace and makes handling namespaces tricky. Further, dmesg might not exist or might be inaccessible inside a container. - Letting users see events they shouldn't be able to see. TESTING AND MANPAGES ==================== - The keyutils tree has a pipe-watch branch that has keyctl commands for making use of notifications. Proposed manual pages can also be found on this branch, though a couple of them really need to go to the main manpages repository instead. If the kernel supports the watching of keys, then running "make test" on that branch will cause the testing infrastructure to spawn a monitoring process on the side that monitors a notifications pipe for all the key/keyring changes induced by the tests and they'll all be checked off to make sure they happened. - A test program is provided (samples/watch_queue/watch_test) that can be used to monitor for keyrings, mount and superblock events. Information on the notifications is simply logged to stdout" * tag 'notifications-20200601' of git:// smack: Implement the watch_key and post_notification hooks selinux: Implement the watch_key security hook keys: Make the KEY_NEED_* perms an enum rather than a mask pipe: Add notification lossage handling pipe: Allow buffers to be marked read-whole-or-error for notifications Add sample notification program watch_queue: Add a key/keyring notification facility security: Add hooks to rule on setting a watch pipe: Add general notification queue support pipe: Add O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE security: Add a hook for the point of notification insertion uapi: General notification queue definitions
2020-06-11samples: binderfs: really compile this sample and fix build issuesMasahiro Yamada4-8/+6
Even after commit c624adc9cb6e ("samples: fix binderfs sample"), this sample is never compiled. 'hostprogs' teaches Kbuild that this is a host program, but not enough to order to compile it. You must add it to 'always-y' to really compile it. Since this sample has never been compiled in upstream, various issues are left unnoticed. [1] compilers without <linux/android/binderfs.h> are still widely used <linux/android/binderfs.h> is only available since commit c13295ad219d ("binderfs: rename header to binderfs.h"), i.e., Linux 5.0 If your compiler is based on UAPI headers older than Linux 5.0, you will see the following error: samples/binderfs/binderfs_example.c:16:10: fatal error: linux/android/binderfs.h: No such file or directory #include <linux/android/binderfs.h> ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ compilation terminated. You cannot rely on compilers having such a new header. The common approach is to install UAPI headers of this kernel into usr/include, and then add it to the header search path. I added 'depends on HEADERS_INSTALL' in Kconfig, and '-I usr/include' compiler flag in Makefile. [2] compile the sample for target architecture Because headers_install works for the target architecture, only the native compiler was able to build sample code that requires '-I usr/include'. Commit 7f3a59db274c ("kbuild: add infrastructure to build userspace programs") added the new syntax 'userprogs' to compile user-space programs for the target architecture. Use it, and then 'ifndef CROSS_COMPILE' will go away. I added 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) is not necessarily capable of linking user-space programs. [3] use subdir-y to descend into samples/binderfs Since this directory does not contain any kernel-space code, it has no point in generating built-in.a or modules.order. Replace obj-$(CONFIG_...) with subdir-$(CONFIG_...). [4] -Wunused-variable warning If I compile this, I see the following warning. samples/binderfs/binderfs_example.c: In function 'main': samples/binderfs/binderfs_example.c:21:9: warning: unused variable 'len' [-Wunused-variable] 21 | size_t len; | ^~~ I removed the unused 'len'. [5] CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDERFS is not required Since this is a user-space standalone program, it is independent of the kernel configuration. Remove 'depends on ANDROID_BINDERFS'. Fixes: 9762dc1432e1 ("samples: add binderfs sample program") Fixes: c624adc9cb6e ("samples: fix binderfs sample") Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Christian Brauner <>
2020-06-06Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.8' of ↵Linus Torvalds14-116/+59
git:// Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - fix warnings in 'make clean' for ARCH=um, hexagon, h8300, unicore32 - ensure to rebuild all objects when the compiler is upgraded - exclude system headers from dependency tracking and fixdep processing - fix potential bit-size mismatch between the kernel and BPF user-mode helper - add the new syntax 'userprogs' to build user-space programs for the target architecture (the same arch as the kernel) - compile user-space sample code under samples/ for the target arch instead of the host arch - make headers_install fail if a CONFIG option is leaked to user-space - sanitize the output format of scripts/ - handle ARM 'push' instruction in scripts/ - error out before modpost if a module name conflict is found - error out when multiple directories are passed to M= because this feature is broken for a long time - add CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_COMPRESSED to support compressed debug info - a lot of cleanups of modpost - dump vmlinux symbols out into vmlinux.symvers, and reuse it in the second pass of modpost - do not run the second pass of modpost if nothing in modules is updated - install modules.builtin(.modinfo) by 'make install' as well as by 'make modules_install' because it is useful even when CONFIG_MODULES=n - add new command line variables, GZIP, BZIP2, LZOP, LZMA, LZ4, and XZ to allow users to use alternatives such as pigz, pbzip2, etc. * tag 'kbuild-v5.8' of git:// (96 commits) kbuild: add variables for compression tools Makefile: install modules.builtin even if CONFIG_MODULES=n mksysmap: Fix the mismatch of '.L' symbols in kbuild: doc: rename LDFLAGS to KBUILD_LDFLAGS modpost: change elf_info->size to size_t modpost: remove is_vmlinux() helper modpost: strip .o from modname before calling new_module() modpost: set have_vmlinux in new_module() modpost: remove mod->skip struct member modpost: add mod->is_vmlinux struct member modpost: remove is_vmlinux() call in check_for_{gpl_usage,unused}() modpost: remove mod->is_dot_o struct member modpost: move -d option in scripts/Makefile.modpost modpost: remove -s option modpost: remove get_next_text() and make {grab,release_}file static modpost: use read_text_file() and get_line() for reading text files modpost: avoid false-positive file open error modpost: fix potential mmap'ed file overrun in get_src_version() modpost: add read_text_file() and get_line() helpers modpost: do not call get_modinfo() for vmlinux(.o) ...
2020-06-03Merge git:// Torvalds26-222/+479
Pull networking updates from David Miller: 1) Allow setting bluetooth L2CAP modes via socket option, from Luiz Augusto von Dentz. 2) Add GSO partial support to igc, from Sasha Neftin. 3) Several cleanups and improvements to r8169 from Heiner Kallweit. 4) Add IF_OPER_TESTING link state and use it when ethtool triggers a device self-test. From Andrew Lunn. 5) Start moving away from custom driver versions, use the globally defined kernel version instead, from Leon Romanovsky. 6) Support GRO vis gro_cells in DSA layer, from Alexander Lobakin. 7) Allow hard IRQ deferral during NAPI, from Eric Dumazet. 8) Add sriov and vf support to hinic, from Luo bin. 9) Support Media Redundancy Protocol (MRP) in the bridging code, from Horatiu Vultur. 10) Support netmap in the nft_nat code, from Pablo Neira Ayuso. 11) Allow UDPv6 encapsulation of ESP in the ipsec code, from Sabrina Dubroca. Also add ipv6 support for espintcp. 12) Lots of ReST conversions of the networking documentation, from Mauro Carvalho Chehab. 13) Support configuration of ethtool rxnfc flows in bcmgenet driver, from Doug Berger. 14) Allow to dump cgroup id and filter by it in inet_diag code, from Dmitry Yakunin. 15) Add infrastructure to export netlink attribute policies to userspace, from Johannes Berg. 16) Several optimizations to sch_fq scheduler, from Eric Dumazet. 17) Fallback to the default qdisc if qdisc init fails because otherwise a packet scheduler init failure will make a device inoperative. From Jesper Dangaard Brouer. 18) Several RISCV bpf jit optimizations, from Luke Nelson. 19) Correct the return type of the ->ndo_start_xmit() method in several drivers, it's netdev_tx_t but many drivers were using 'int'. From Yunjian Wang. 20) Add an ethtool interface for PHY master/slave config, from Oleksij Rempel. 21) Add BPF iterators, from Yonghang Song. 22) Add cable test infrastructure, including ethool interfaces, from Andrew Lunn. Marvell PHY driver is the first to support this facility. 23) Remove zero-length arrays all over, from Gustavo A. R. Silva. 24) Calculate and maintain an explicit frame size in XDP, from Jesper Dangaard Brouer. 25) Add CAP_BPF, from Alexei Starovoitov. 26) Support terse dumps in the packet scheduler, from Vlad Buslov. 27) Support XDP_TX bulking in dpaa2 driver, from Ioana Ciornei. 28) Add devm_register_netdev(), from Bartosz Golaszewski. 29) Minimize qdisc resets, from Cong Wang. 30) Get rid of kernel_getsockopt and kernel_setsockopt in order to eliminate set_fs/get_fs calls. From Christoph Hellwig. * git:// (2517 commits) selftests: net: ip_defrag: ignore EPERM net_failover: fixed rollback in net_failover_open() Revert "tipc: Fix potential tipc_aead refcnt leak in tipc_crypto_rcv" Revert "tipc: Fix potential tipc_node refcnt leak in tipc_rcv" vmxnet3: allow rx flow hash ops only when rss is enabled hinic: add set_channels ethtool_ops support selftests/bpf: Add a default $(CXX) value tools/bpf: Don't use $(COMPILE.c) bpf, selftests: Use bpf_probe_read_kernel s390/bpf: Use bcr 0,%0 as tail call nop filler s390/bpf: Maintain 8-byte stack alignment selftests/bpf: Fix verifier test selftests/bpf: Fix sample_cnt shared between two threads bpf, selftests: Adapt cls_redirect to call csum_level helper bpf: Add csum_level helper for fixing up csum levels bpf: Fix up bpf_skb_adjust_room helper's skb csum setting sfc: add missing annotation for efx_ef10_try_update_nic_stats_vf() crypto/chtls: IPv6 support for inline TLS Crypto/chcr: Fixes a coccinile check error Crypto/chcr: Fixes compilations warnings ...
2020-06-01Merge branch 'from-miklos' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git:// Pull vfs updates from Al Viro: "Assorted patches from Miklos. An interesting part here is /proc/mounts stuff..." The "/proc/mounts stuff" is using a cursor for keeeping the location data while traversing the mount listing. Also probably worth noting is the addition of faccessat2(), which takes an additional set of flags to specify how the lookup is done (AT_EACCESS, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW, AT_EMPTY_PATH). * 'from-miklos' of git:// vfs: add faccessat2 syscall vfs: don't parse "silent" option vfs: don't parse "posixacl" option vfs: don't parse forbidden flags statx: add mount_root statx: add mount ID statx: don't clear STATX_ATIME on SB_RDONLY uapi: deprecate STATX_ALL utimensat: AT_EMPTY_PATH support vfs: split out access_override_creds() proc/mounts: add cursor aio: fix async fsync creds vfs: allow unprivileged whiteout creation
2020-06-01Merge tag 'docs-5.8' of git:// Torvalds2-2/+6
Pull documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "A fair amount of stuff this time around, dominated by yet another massive set from Mauro toward the completion of the RST conversion. I *really* hope we are getting close to the end of this. Meanwhile, those patches reach pretty far afield to update document references around the tree; there should be no actual code changes there. There will be, alas, more of the usual trivial merge conflicts. Beyond that we have more translations, improvements to the sphinx scripting, a number of additions to the sysctl documentation, and lots of fixes" * tag 'docs-5.8' of git:// (130 commits) Documentation: fixes to the maintainer-entry-profile template zswap: docs/vm: Fix typo accept_threshold_percent in zswap.rst tracing: Fix events.rst section numbering docs: acpi: fix old http link and improve document format docs: filesystems: add info about efivars content Documentation: LSM: Correct the basic LSM description mailmap: change email for Ricardo Ribalda docs: sysctl/kernel: document unaligned controls Documentation: admin-guide: update bug-hunting.rst docs: sysctl/kernel: document ngroups_max nvdimm: fixes to maintainter-entry-profile Documentation/features: Correct RISC-V kprobes support entry Documentation/features: Refresh the arch support status files Revert "docs: sysctl/kernel: document ngroups_max" docs: move locking-specific documents to locking/ docs: move digsig docs to the security book docs: move the kref doc into the core-api book docs: add IRQ documentation at the core-api book docs: debugging-via-ohci1394.txt: add it to the core-api book docs: fix references for ipmi.rst file ...
2020-06-01Merge tag 'objtool-core-2020-06-01' of ↵Linus Torvalds3-0/+8
git:// Pull objtool updates from Ingo Molnar: "There are a lot of objtool changes in this cycle, all across the map: - Speed up objtool significantly, especially when there are large number of sections - Improve objtool's understanding of special instructions such as IRET, to reduce the number of annotations required - Implement 'noinstr' validation - Do baby steps for non-x86 objtool use - Simplify/fix retpoline decoding - Add vmlinux validation - Improve documentation - Fix various bugs and apply smaller cleanups" * tag 'objtool-core-2020-06-01' of git:// (54 commits) objtool: Enable compilation of objtool for all architectures objtool: Move struct objtool_file into arch-independent header objtool: Exit successfully when requesting help objtool: Add check_kcov_mode() to the uaccess safelist samples/ftrace: Fix asm function ELF annotations objtool: optimize add_dead_ends for split sections objtool: use gelf_getsymshndx to handle >64k sections objtool: Allow no-op CFI ops in alternatives x86/retpoline: Fix retpoline unwind x86: Change {JMP,CALL}_NOSPEC argument x86: Simplify retpoline declaration x86/speculation: Change FILL_RETURN_BUFFER to work with objtool objtool: Add support for intra-function calls objtool: Move the IRET hack into the arch decoder objtool: Remove INSN_STACK objtool: Make handle_insn_ops() unconditional objtool: Rework allocating stack_ops on decode objtool: UNWIND_HINT_RET_OFFSET should not check registers objtool: is_fentry_call() crashes if call has no destination x86,smap: Fix smap_{save,restore}() alternatives ...
2020-06-01Merge tag 'core-kprobes-2020-06-01' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-2/+6
git:// Pull kprobes updates from Ingo Molnar: "Various kprobes updates, mostly centered around cleaning up the no-instrumentation logic. Instead of the current per debug facility blacklist, use the more generic .noinstr.text approach, combined with a 'noinstr' marker for functions. Also add instrumentation_begin()/end() to better manage the exact place in entry code where instrumentation may be used. And add a kprobes blacklist for modules" * tag 'core-kprobes-2020-06-01' of git:// kprobes: Prevent probes in .noinstr.text section Create section for protection against instrumentation samples/kprobes: Add __kprobes and NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() for handlers. kprobes: Support NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() in modules kprobes: Support __kprobes blacklist in modules kprobes: Lock kprobe_mutex while showing kprobe_blacklist
2020-05-20samples/ftrace: Fix asm function ELF annotationsJosh Poimboeuf3-0/+8
Enable objtool coverage for the sample ftrace modules by adding ELF annotations to the asm trampoline functions. samples/ftrace/ftrace-direct.o: warning: objtool: .text+0x0: unreachable instruction samples/ftrace/ftrace-direct-modify.o: warning: objtool: .text+0x0: unreachable instruction samples/ftrace/ftrace-direct-too.o: warning: objtool: .text+0x0: unreachable instruction Reported-by: Randy Dunlap <> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <>
2020-05-19samples, bpf: Refactor kprobe, tail call kern progs map definitionDaniel T. Lee8-91/+93
Because the previous two commit replaced the bpf_load implementation of the user program with libbpf, the corresponding kernel program's MAP definition can be replaced with new BTF-defined map syntax. This commit only updates the samples which uses libbpf API for loading bpf program not with bpf_load. Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Link:
2020-05-19samples, bpf: Add tracex7 test file to .gitignoreDaniel T. Lee1-0/+1
This commit adds tracex7 test file (testfile.img) to .gitignore which comes from Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Link:
2020-05-19samples, bpf: Refactor tail call user progs with libbpfDaniel T. Lee3-31/+103
BPF tail call uses the BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY type map for calling into other BPF programs and this PROG_ARRAY should be filled prior to use. Currently, samples with the PROG_ARRAY type MAP fill this program array with bpf_load. For bpf_load to fill this map, kernel BPF program must specify the section with specific format of <prog_type>/<array_idx> (e.g. SEC("socket/0")) But by using libbpf instead of bpf_load, user program can specify which programs should be added to PROG_ARRAY. The advantage of this approach is that you can selectively add only the programs you want, rather than adding all of them to PROG_ARRAY, and it's much more intuitive than the traditional approach. This commit refactors user programs with the PROG_ARRAY type MAP with libbpf instead of using bpf_load. Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Link:
2020-05-19samples, bpf: Refactor kprobe tracing user progs with libbpfDaniel T. Lee9-64/+252
Currently, the kprobe BPF program attachment method for bpf_load is quite old. The implementation of bpf_load "directly" controls and manages(create, delete) the kprobe events of DEBUGFS. On the other hand, using using the libbpf automatically manages the kprobe event. (under bpf_link interface) By calling bpf_program__attach(_kprobe) in libbpf, the corresponding kprobe is created and the BPF program will be attached to this kprobe. To remove this, by simply invoking bpf_link__destroy will clean up the event. This commit refactors kprobe tracing programs (tracex{1~7}_user.c) with libbpf using bpf_link interface and bpf_program__attach. tracex2_kern.c, which tracks system calls (sys_*), has been modified to append prefix depending on architecture. Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Link:
2020-05-19samples, bpf: Refactor pointer error check with libbpfDaniel T. Lee3-15/+6
Current method of checking pointer error is not user friendly. Especially the __must_check define makes this less intuitive. Since, libbpf has an API libbpf_get_error() which checks pointer error, this commit refactors existing pointer error check logic with libbpf. Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Yonghong Song <> Link:
2020-05-19pipe: Add notification lossage handlingDavid Howells1-0/+3
Add handling for loss of notifications by having read() insert a loss-notification message after it has read the pipe buffer that was last in the ring when the loss occurred. Lossage can come about either by running out of notification descriptors or by running out of space in the pipe ring. Signed-off-by: David Howells <>
2020-05-19pipe: Allow buffers to be marked read-whole-or-error for notificationsDavid Howells1-1/+1
Allow a buffer to be marked such that read() must return the entire buffer in one go or return ENOBUFS. Multiple buffers can be amalgamated into a single read, but a short read will occur if the next "whole" buffer won't fit. This is useful for watch queue notifications to make sure we don't split a notification across multiple reads, especially given that we need to fabricate an overrun record under some circumstances - and that isn't in the buffers. Signed-off-by: David Howells <>
2020-05-19Add sample notification programDavid Howells4-0/+197
The sample program is run like: ./samples/watch_queue/watch_test and watches "/" for mount changes and the current session keyring for key changes: # keyctl add user a a @s 1035096409 # keyctl unlink 1035096409 @s producing: # ./watch_test read() = 16 NOTIFY[000]: ty=000001 sy=02 i=00000110 KEY 2ffc2e5d change=2[linked] aux=1035096409 read() = 16 NOTIFY[000]: ty=000001 sy=02 i=00000110 KEY 2ffc2e5d change=3[unlinked] aux=1035096409 Other events may be produced, such as with a failing disk: read() = 22 NOTIFY[000]: ty=000003 sy=02 i=00000416 USB 3-7.7 dev-reset e=0 r=0 read() = 24 NOTIFY[000]: ty=000002 sy=06 i=00000418 BLOCK 00800050 e=6[critical medium] s=64000ef8 This corresponds to: blk_update_request: critical medium error, dev sdf, sector 1677725432 op 0x0:(READ) flags 0x0 phys_seg 1 prio class 0 in dmesg. Signed-off-by: David Howells <>
2020-05-17samples: watchdog: use 'userprogs' syntaxMasahiro Yamada3-8/+6
Kbuild now supports the 'userprogs' syntax to compile userspace programs for the same architecture as the kernel. Add the entry to samples/Makefile to put this into the build bot coverage. I also added the CONFIG option guarded by 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) may not provide libc. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <>
2020-05-17samples: timers: use 'userprogs' syntaxMasahiro Yamada3-14/+8
Kbuild now supports the 'userprogs' syntax to compile userspace programs for the same architecture as the kernel. Add the entry to samples/Makefile to put this into the build bot coverage. I also added the CONFIG option guarded by 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) may not provide libc. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <>
2020-05-17samples: auxdisplay: use 'userprogs' syntaxMasahiro Yamada3-9/+7
Kbuild now supports the 'userprogs' syntax to compile userspace programs for the same architecture as the kernel. Add the entry to samples/Makefile to put this into the build bot coverage. I also added the CONFIG option guarded by 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) may not provide libc. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Miguel Ojeda <> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <>
2020-05-17samples: mei: build sample program for target architectureMasahiro Yamada2-6/+4
This userspace program includes UAPI headers exported to usr/include/. 'make headers' always works for the target architecture (i.e. the same architecture as the kernel), so the sample program should be built for the target as well. Kbuild now supports 'userprogs' for that. I also guarded the CONFIG option by 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) may not provide libc. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <>
2020-05-17samples: pidfd: build sample program for target architectureMasahiro Yamada2-5/+5
This userspace program includes UAPI headers exported to usr/include/. 'make headers' always works for the target architecture (i.e. the same architecture as the kernel), so the sample program should be built for the target as well. Kbuild now supports 'userprogs' for that. I also guarded the CONFIG option by 'depends on CC_CAN_LINK' because $(CC) may not provide libc. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <>