path: root/kernel
diff options
authorDouglas Anderson <>2019-09-25 16:47:45 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2019-09-25 17:51:40 -0700
commit7d92bda271ddcbb2d1be2f82733dcb9bf8378010 (patch)
tree1ba044465a88d6c1b387021a3dbb0b8e7cb803e1 /kernel
parentac7c3e4ff401b304489a031938dbeaab585bfe0a (diff)
kgdb: don't use a notifier to enter kgdb at panic; call directly
Right now kgdb/kdb hooks up to debug panics by registering for the panic notifier. This works OK except that it means that kgdb/kdb gets called _after_ the CPUs in the system are taken offline. That means that if anything important was happening on those CPUs (like something that might have contributed to the panic) you can't debug them. Specifically I ran into a case where I got a panic because a task was "blocked for more than 120 seconds" which was detected on CPU 2. I nicely got shown stack traces in the kernel log for all CPUs including CPU 0, which was running 'PID: 111 Comm: kworker/0:1H' and was in the middle of __mmc_switch(). I then ended up at the kdb prompt where switched over to kgdb to try to look at local variables of the process on CPU 0. I found that I couldn't. Digging more, I found that I had no info on any tasks running on CPUs other than CPU 2 and that asking kdb for help showed me "Error: no saved data for this cpu". This was because all the CPUs were offline. Let's move the entry of kdb/kgdb to a direct call from panic() and stop using the generic notifier. Putting a direct call in allows us to order things more properly and it also doesn't seem like we're breaking any abstractions by calling into the debugger from the panic function. Daniel said: : This patch changes the way kdump and kgdb interact with each other. : However it would seem rather odd to have both tools simultaneously armed : and, even if they were, the user still has the option to use panic_timeout : to force a kdump to happen. Thus I think the change of order is : acceptable. Link: Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <> Reviewed-by: Daniel Thompson <> Cc: Jason Wessel <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: Borislav Petkov <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Feng Tang <> Cc: YueHaibing <> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <> Cc: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
2 files changed, 19 insertions, 20 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
index 10f1187b3907..f76d6f77dd5e 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
@@ -893,30 +893,25 @@ static struct sysrq_key_op sysrq_dbg_op = {
-static int kgdb_panic_event(struct notifier_block *self,
- unsigned long val,
- void *data)
+void kgdb_panic(const char *msg)
+ if (!kgdb_io_module_registered)
+ return;
- * Avoid entering the debugger if we were triggered due to a panic
- * We don't want to get stuck waiting for input from user in such case.
- * panic_timeout indicates the system should automatically
+ * We don't want to get stuck waiting for input from user if
+ * "panic_timeout" indicates the system should automatically
* reboot on panic.
if (panic_timeout)
- return NOTIFY_DONE;
+ return;
if (dbg_kdb_mode)
- kdb_printf("PANIC: %s\n", (char *)data);
+ kdb_printf("PANIC: %s\n", msg);
- return NOTIFY_DONE;
-static struct notifier_block kgdb_panic_event_nb = {
- .notifier_call = kgdb_panic_event,
- .priority = INT_MAX,
void __weak kgdb_arch_late(void)
@@ -965,8 +960,6 @@ static void kgdb_register_callbacks(void)
- atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list,
- &kgdb_panic_event_nb);
register_sysrq_key('g', &sysrq_dbg_op);
@@ -980,16 +973,14 @@ static void kgdb_register_callbacks(void)
static void kgdb_unregister_callbacks(void)
- * When this routine is called KGDB should unregister from the
- * panic handler and clean up, making sure it is not handling any
+ * When this routine is called KGDB should unregister from
+ * handlers and clean up, making sure it is not handling any
* break exceptions at the time.
if (kgdb_io_module_registered) {
kgdb_io_module_registered = 0;
- atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&panic_notifier_list,
- &kgdb_panic_event_nb);
unregister_sysrq_key('g', &sysrq_dbg_op);
diff --git a/kernel/panic.c b/kernel/panic.c
index 057540b6eee9..d1ece4c363b9 100644
--- a/kernel/panic.c
+++ b/kernel/panic.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/debug_locks.h>
#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/kgdb.h>
#include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
@@ -220,6 +221,13 @@ void panic(const char *fmt, ...)
+ * If kgdb is enabled, give it a chance to run before we stop all
+ * the other CPUs or else we won't be able to debug processes left
+ * running on them.
+ */
+ kgdb_panic(buf);
+ /*
* If we have crashed and we have a crash kernel loaded let it handle
* everything else.
* If we want to run this after calling panic_notifiers, pass