path: root/drivers
diff options
authorLinus Torvalds <>2019-09-28 08:14:15 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2019-09-28 08:14:15 -0700
commitaefcf2f4b58155d27340ba5f9ddbe9513da8286d (patch)
treea8ae994ca71b2e43e3075c796165e5ed62e28e42 /drivers
parentf1f2f614d535564992f32e720739cb53cf03489f (diff)
parent45893a0abee6b5fd52994a3a1095735aeaec472b (diff)
Merge branch 'next-lockdown' of git://
Pull kernel lockdown mode from James Morris: "This is the latest iteration of the kernel lockdown patchset, from Matthew Garrett, David Howells and others. From the original description: This patchset introduces an optional kernel lockdown feature, intended to strengthen the boundary between UID 0 and the kernel. When enabled, various pieces of kernel functionality are restricted. Applications that rely on low-level access to either hardware or the kernel may cease working as a result - therefore this should not be enabled without appropriate evaluation beforehand. The majority of mainstream distributions have been carrying variants of this patchset for many years now, so there's value in providing a doesn't meet every distribution requirement, but gets us much closer to not requiring external patches. There are two major changes since this was last proposed for mainline: - Separating lockdown from EFI secure boot. Background discussion is covered here: - Implementation as an LSM, with a default stackable lockdown LSM module. This allows the lockdown feature to be policy-driven, rather than encoding an implicit policy within the mechanism. The new locked_down LSM hook is provided to allow LSMs to make a policy decision around whether kernel functionality that would allow tampering with or examining the runtime state of the kernel should be permitted. The included lockdown LSM provides an implementation with a simple policy intended for general purpose use. This policy provides a coarse level of granularity, controllable via the kernel command line: lockdown={integrity|confidentiality} Enable the kernel lockdown feature. If set to integrity, kernel features that allow userland to modify the running kernel are disabled. If set to confidentiality, kernel features that allow userland to extract confidential information from the kernel are also disabled. This may also be controlled via /sys/kernel/security/lockdown and overriden by kernel configuration. New or existing LSMs may implement finer-grained controls of the lockdown features. Refer to the lockdown_reason documentation in include/linux/security.h for details. The lockdown feature has had signficant design feedback and review across many subsystems. This code has been in linux-next for some weeks, with a few fixes applied along the way. Stephen Rothwell noted that commit 9d1f8be5cf42 ("bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode") is missing a Signed-off-by from its author. Matthew responded that he is providing this under category (c) of the DCO" * 'next-lockdown' of git:// (31 commits) kexec: Fix file verification on S390 security: constify some arrays in lockdown LSM lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages efi: Restrict efivar_ssdt_load when the kernel is locked down tracefs: Restrict tracefs when the kernel is locked down debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down lockdown: Lock down perf when in confidentiality mode bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode lockdown: Lock down tracing and perf kprobes when in confidentiality mode lockdown: Lock down /proc/kcore x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module lockdown: Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport) lockdown: Lock down TIOCSSERIAL lockdown: Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when the kernel is locked down acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is locked down acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been locked down ACPI: Limit access to custom_method when the kernel is locked down x86/msr: Restrict MSR access when the kernel is locked down x86: Lock down IO port access when the kernel is locked down ...
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers')
10 files changed, 77 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c b/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c
index fd66a736621c..b097ef209313 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include "internal.h"
@@ -29,6 +30,11 @@ static ssize_t cm_write(struct file *file, const char __user * user_buf,
struct acpi_table_header table;
acpi_status status;
+ int ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_ACPI_TABLES);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
if (!(*ppos)) {
/* parse the table header to get the table length */
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/osl.c b/drivers/acpi/osl.c
index 2f9d0d20b836..a2e844a8e9ed 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/osl.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/osl.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/semaphore.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
@@ -182,8 +183,19 @@ acpi_physical_address __init acpi_os_get_root_pointer(void)
acpi_physical_address pa;
- if (acpi_rsdp)
+ /*
+ * We may have been provided with an RSDP on the command line,
+ * but if a malicious user has done so they may be pointing us
+ * at modified ACPI tables that could alter kernel behaviour -
+ * so, we check the lockdown status before making use of
+ * it. If we trust it then also stash it in an architecture
+ * specific location (if appropriate) so it can be carried
+ * over further kexec()s.
+ */
+ if (acpi_rsdp && !security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_ACPI_TABLES)) {
+ acpi_arch_set_root_pointer(acpi_rsdp);
return acpi_rsdp;
+ }
pa = acpi_arch_get_root_pointer();
if (pa)
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/tables.c b/drivers/acpi/tables.c
index b32327759380..180ac4329763 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/tables.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/tables.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/earlycpio.h>
#include <linux/initrd.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include "internal.h"
@@ -578,6 +579,11 @@ void __init acpi_table_upgrade(void)
if (table_nr == 0)
+ if (security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_ACPI_TABLES)) {
+ pr_notice("kernel is locked down, ignoring table override\n");
+ return;
+ }
acpi_tables_addr =
memblock_find_in_range(0, ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE_MAX_PHYS,
all_tables_size, PAGE_SIZE);
diff --git a/drivers/char/mem.c b/drivers/char/mem.c
index 9eb564c002f6..43dd0891ca1e 100644
--- a/drivers/char/mem.c
+++ b/drivers/char/mem.c
@@ -29,8 +29,8 @@
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_IA64
# include <linux/efi.h>
@@ -807,7 +807,10 @@ static loff_t memory_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int orig)
static int open_port(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
- return capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ? 0 : -EPERM;
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+ return -EPERM;
+ return security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_DEV_MEM);
#define zero_lseek null_lseek
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
index 8f1ab04f6743..8d3e778e988b 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/ucs2_string.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <asm/early_ioremap.h>
@@ -221,6 +222,11 @@ static void generic_ops_unregister(void)
static char efivar_ssdt[EFIVAR_SSDT_NAME_MAX] __initdata;
static int __init efivar_ssdt_setup(char *str)
+ int ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_ACPI_TABLES);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
if (strlen(str) < sizeof(efivar_ssdt))
memcpy(efivar_ssdt, str, strlen(str));
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
index 868e35109284..793412954529 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
@@ -755,6 +755,11 @@ static ssize_t pci_write_config(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
unsigned int size = count;
loff_t init_off = off;
u8 *data = (u8 *) buf;
+ int ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
if (off > dev->cfg_size)
return 0;
@@ -1016,6 +1021,11 @@ static int pci_mmap_resource(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *attr,
int bar = (unsigned long)attr->private;
enum pci_mmap_state mmap_type;
struct resource *res = &pdev->resource[bar];
+ int ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM && iomem_is_exclusive(res->start))
return -EINVAL;
@@ -1092,6 +1102,12 @@ static ssize_t pci_write_resource_io(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
struct bin_attribute *attr, char *buf,
loff_t off, size_t count)
+ int ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
return pci_resource_io(filp, kobj, attr, buf, off, count, true);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/proc.c b/drivers/pci/proc.c
index fe7fe678965b..5495537c60c2 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/proc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/proc.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include "pci.h"
@@ -115,7 +116,11 @@ static ssize_t proc_bus_pci_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
struct pci_dev *dev = PDE_DATA(ino);
int pos = *ppos;
int size = dev->cfg_size;
- int cnt;
+ int cnt, ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
if (pos >= size)
return 0;
@@ -196,6 +201,10 @@ static long proc_bus_pci_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
#endif /* HAVE_PCI_MMAP */
int ret = 0;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
switch (cmd) {
ret = pci_domain_nr(dev->bus);
@@ -238,7 +247,8 @@ static int proc_bus_pci_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
struct pci_filp_private *fpriv = file->private_data;
int i, ret, write_combine = 0, res_bit = IORESOURCE_MEM;
- if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ||
+ security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS))
return -EPERM;
if (fpriv->mmap_state == pci_mmap_io) {
diff --git a/drivers/pci/syscall.c b/drivers/pci/syscall.c
index d96626c614f5..31e39558d49d 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/syscall.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/syscall.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include "pci.h"
@@ -90,7 +91,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(pciconfig_write, unsigned long, bus, unsigned long, dfn,
u32 dword;
int err = 0;
- if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) ||
+ security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCI_ACCESS))
return -EPERM;
dev = pci_get_domain_bus_and_slot(0, bus, dfn);
diff --git a/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c b/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c
index abd029945cc8..629359fe3513 100644
--- a/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c
+++ b/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
@@ -1575,6 +1576,10 @@ static ssize_t pccard_store_cis(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
struct pcmcia_socket *s;
int error;
+ error = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PCMCIA_CIS);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
s = to_socket(container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj));
if (off)
diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c b/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c
index 4223cb496764..6e713be1d4e9 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/serial_core.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
@@ -862,6 +863,10 @@ static int uart_set_info(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_port *port,
goto check_and_exit;
+ retval = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TIOCSSERIAL);
+ if (retval && (change_irq || change_port))
+ goto exit;
* Ask the low level driver to verify the settings.